Fighting between some of the leading Nazi’s also meant that it would have been near impossible to put together an effective economy with all missions heading towards the same aim. It is fair to say that the strengths towards this statement highly outweigh the weaknesses, as the war economy was very poorly coordinated due to the many factors that contributed to German war production decreasing. In February of 1942, Albert Speer was appointed as Minister of Armaments, which at the time was a crucial role in the Nazi’s dominant mechanism. This was became the centralising ministry amongst all
Women and Jews, although sadly for them, were sacked from their jobs and these were given to German men. All these schemes that took place had given many Germans jobs and contributed to the reduction of unemployment. Now that Germany had more men helping to rearm through the large companies, it meant that rearmament could take place quicker and now that unemployment had decreased massively till 1939, that was one less problem that Nazi Germany had to worry about. The ‘Battle for Work’ scheme that was set up to reduce unemployment was successful in ways that it fell from 25.9% in 1933 to 7.4% in 1936. This was great for Germans however it did create some issues as Germany’s ‘secret rearmament’ scheme was bringing in too much imported raw materials into Germany whilst exporters were struggling due to taxes on imports and this left Germany with a big trade deficit.
To Germans at the time, Hitler made sense; he united everyone by providing explanations for Germany's problems. People in Germany were tired of their poor quality of life. Hitler promised to make Germany proud again - it was exactly what people wanted to hear. Hitler pledged something for every part of Germany society. To all Germans he promised to restore German honour by tearing up the hated Treaty of Versailles and by making Germany great again.
They are many factors on why did Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in January 1933. World War one, treaty of Versailles, fear of communist and the great depression are the main reason on Hitler became Chancellor. The Germans sighted the treaty of Versailles 1919 after losing Great War, although they believed they treaty was harsh they had no choice either sign it or the country getting invaded. The Germans called the treaty Diktat as it was being forced on them and the Germans had no choice but to sign it. One thing the Germans were not happy in the treaty of Versailles is the War Guilt Clause, take blame for the war.
The result of the 1945 election was a shock to not only the people of Britain but also the parliamentary parties, one of the main reasons thought to have led to Labour’s victory, was Churchill’s radio broadcast, in which he stated socialism could not be established without a ‘Gestapo’. Source one, an extract from Margaret Thatcher’s book, explains her thoughts when listening to Churchill’s 1945 radio broadcast. Thatcher believes Churchill said was correct in what he said, but his use of the word ‘Gestapo’ was inappropriate, and wasn’t particularly helpful for post-war Britain. However it could be argued Thatcher knew that what Churchill said was a mistake, but as she was part of the same conservative party as he was, she couldn’t admit it. Although, she does admit even she was shocked when listening to the speech, as she explains “the line was not believable”.
Hitler got away with this because Britain had sympathy for Germany and in 1935 signed a naval agreement with them. France was angry that Germany was re-army but there was little they could do as most countries were doing the same, especially after the disappointment of the Disarmament conference.. The failure of the League of Nations in the 1930s also contributed towards the outbreak of war. It was powerless throughout the 1920s as it was more interested in trying to keep good relations with the other countries so it would have allies against Hitler if he ever attacked. The League also didn’t work because America didn’t join and it was the American President Woodrow Wilson who created it and it would never have worked unless all the nations were allowed to join.
After World War Two (WW2) had ended and the dust began to settle over the Nazi regime, historians began to try and analyse the monstrosities that had occurred in Nazi Germany. The two first interpretations of the Holocaust that came about were intentionalism. This was the belief that without Hitler as Führer the Holocaust would never have happened. Therefore it’s no coincidence that Michael Marrus was an intentionalist historian. The other interpretation was structuralism.
They feared of a future German invasion. Also, they wanted control over the Baltic states (countries bordering Russia) because in both world wars Germany invaded Russia through those states because they were weak. They wanted their people in the governments of those countries so they could be relied upon. But U.S. and Britain wanted those countries to be independent, but really they did not want communism to expand. And the U.S. and Germany could not agree upon what to do with Germany, so it ended up being divided: West Germany to U.S. and Great Britain and West Germany to the Soviets.
As a leader, he had pulled Germany out of the economic depression they were in. Most other countries had not accomplished that yet which is partly why they were not able to hold their defenses against the German army. America made the decision to aid in the war before it was a part of the war. First they sent supplies and material overseas to Britain and Russia. The axis powers that consisted of Italy, German, and Japan, were spreading.
This pleased a lot of people as the population had 80% peasants. Also, he promised an end to the war just as he had in the ‘April Thesis’ which was a popular wish among the people and further gaining him support. This promise was carried through in March 1918 when Russia pulled out of the war in the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. However, Russia lost a third of her population, 54% of her industry and 89% of coalmines to Germany. This was costly for Russia as their crippling economy would continue, but Lenin justified his actions by claiming he would win back as much as he