Stalin achieved most of his aims; Grain production rose to nearly 100 million tonnes in 1937, although the numbers of animals never recovered. Russia sold large quantities of grain to other countries; this of course made a huge difference to the economy in Russia. A colossal 17 million people left the countryside to go to work in the towns this was part of industrialisation which helped to improve the economy. The kulaks were eliminated, this was one Stalin’s main aims and finally, the peasants were closely under the government's control, which pleased Stalin greatly. There were many failures in collectivisation, particularly in the initial phases - output fell in the 1930s largely for three reasons; the peasants resented the state taking their land, machinery and livestock, so they did not work as hard and put more effort into their private plots, where they could keep any profit generated - who wouldn't?
They would push supply down by offering farmers a sum of money in exchange for farmers not farming a set amount of land. However, most of these payments didn’t cover the expenses the farmers gained with the lost land pushing a lot of family farms out of business. He had other programs implemented that were detrimental to family farms. Corporate farms would eventually take advantage of this as many of these programs were disastrous to family farms but beneficial to large corporate farms. (“Ganzel B.”, 2003) So where have family farms gone from the 1930’s?
In the article written by Bob Faw from NBC News he states that many didn’t have any type of insurance, many could not leave the area because they were dependent on government checks, and many couldn’t even afford the basic transportation. He also states “This natural disaster illustrates what experts have known all along — disasters do not treat everyone alike. Surviving is easier for whites who have than for blacks who don’t. And when push comes to shove, it’s every man, woman and child for himself.” From analyzing Bob Faw’s article it seems that he correlates a lot of the poverty due to race. Faw states that 67% of the population in New Orleans is African-American and that half of that population lives below the poverty line.
In the 1930’s black people were highly discriminated against. This was mainly because many black people started to migrate from the south to the north in order to find employment. Furthermore, because of the Great Depression many people lost their jobs and had to find new jobs, and the blacks who had migrated up north, started to take available jobs. The white people living in the north became angry that the blacks were taking over their positions. The character Crooks from the novel, is an old black man with a crooked back and he is probably the most discriminated against since he is black and disabled, which means he can’t do as much work as the others.
There were over one third of the countries population unemployed and there was no dole money to fall back on, therefore in order to get money you had to earn it. Some families couldn’t afford to stay in their houses so they were forced to live in settlements called Hoovervilles. Whilst people were in the Hoovervilles they would sing depressing songs making the atmosphere even more depressing. The story begins when George and Lennie prepare to arrive at a ranch to work and the story ends in tragedy just four days later. During the four days we learn not only about the friendship between George and Lennie but their dreams and aspirations of a better life free from work.
In the article “The United Farmworkers Union”, by Rick Tejada-Flores talks about the struggle that chicanos had in the 1900’s. The UFW is the only successful union ever to defend the rights of those who grew and harvested the crops. There were many attempts to organize a union in the past and they all failed. In the 1910’s and 1920’s there were many attempts led by Communist unions. The National Labor Relations Act took effect in 1936 giving most american workers the right to join unions.
With the 19th century depression, sharecroppers and farmers were greatly affected however the “golden age” of America agriculture arrived by the twentieth century. According to Royce, “Prior to emancipation, sharecropping was limited to poor landless whites, usually working marginal lands for absentee landlords. Following emancipation, sharecropping came to be an economic arrangement that largely maintained the status quo between black and white through legal means.” Landowners advanced sharecroppers seed, fertilizer, and provisions in exchange for labor. Sharecroppers planted and tended the crops and cared for livestock. The proceeds were divided after the harvest in the fall.” “Sharecroppers, black or white, were also often uneducated and could not read or write, thus landowners could easily take advantage of the situation.
A government policy of enclosure was implemented, which greatly upset traditional, rural societies. Tenant farmers would now only employ labourers to do short term work on the farms, for jobs such as hedging or ditching. There was now a surplus of labourer due to deflation after the French wars, a population increase alongside a non-agricultural employment decrease, and the development of agricultural machinery. It is easy to see why people protested against this, many men were jobless and unable to feed their families, and the little work there was was sparse and low paid. It was also due to political reasons that people protested during the Swing Riots.
Thanh Phu is an example. It is a small town in Ben Tre city, Vietnam. Thanh Phu has more than 70 percentages of people growing grain rice, but this cultural feature has affected their lives strongly. On the average, each farmer earns two dollars per day. Low income leads to a lack of contemporary technology.
His first challenge was to feed the peasants. Chairman Mao, Deng’s predecessor, instigated People’s Communes in agriculture, where people worked together as one community and shared the produce with the state and between them. This had not always worked and the great famine of 1960 killed more than 13million people and 20 years later people were still going hungry – and population was increasing. People in Anhui had instigated an illegal private farming system that had increased productivity by 3 times. In Xiao Gang people got together and divided up their land along private lines, but were