During these years, which mark the first in Mao’s reign as leader in China, there were a number of key features of Communist rule in China, notably land reform, economic policies, as well as violence. In this essay, I intend to argue that violence was a key feature, but that there are other factors that could be described as being ‘key’ also. Mao’s immediate aim upon coming to power was to gain control of the cities, where the GMD had been at its strongest. He was determined to stamp out any remaining support for the GMD and ordered massacres of suspects. 65,000 people were killed in Guangzhou and 28,000 in Shanghai.
Mao Zedong was one of the most infamous dictators of the 20th century. His life was twisted and moulded by hatred and disdain for the oppressive Nationalist government he lived under. He swiftly became one of the most evil men to have ruled over the East. His misanthropic ways and voracity for power led to the death of 60 million Chinese citizens from 1949 - 1976. Mao adapted Communist ideas to China and he followed in Joseph Stalin’s footsteps by abusing his power and crippling the Chinese in fear with his totalitarian rule.
The Chinese district of Cholon suffered with hundreds of civilians killed in the American counter attacks.” (First Battle) “On March 16, 1968, U.S. Army forces conducted a mass murder of hundreds of unarmed citizens in South Vietnam. Lieutenant William Calley Jr., a platoon leader in Charlie Company of Task Force Barker, was sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 villagers. His company herded hundreds of unarmed villagers into a ditch and shot them to death.” (Miller 65) When the My Lai Massacre became public knowledge, it reduced U.S. support at home for the Vietnam War and created an anti-war movement. The anti-war movement became
During the beginning of the 1900s, there were plenty of revolutions and violence that took place. The Chinese revolution in 1911 and Russian Revolution in 1917 shared similar goals, they wanted to end the power of their current leader and establish a new one. For Russia, it was Tsar Nicholas II and for China it was the Qing Dynasty, Russia wanting a functioning communist government and Chinese revolutionaries wanted a democratic government. The first outcome is different in that China relied on agriculture to maintain its economy and Russia relied on industry to fuel its economy. The second outcome of the revolutions was that the countries were dramatically changed, two great powers were stopped and communist leaders eventually took over in the two countries.
Erick Romero 10/19/14 2A Explain the origin(s) of the Chinese Civil War, and to what extent was the Communist victory due to the use of guerrilla warfare In the early 20th century, China ran into political turmoil. With the revolution in 1911, in which the last dynasty, the Manchu dynasty was overthrown. The new Republic failed to set hold on China and warlord era would start. But China continued to be oppressed by many foreign powers because it lacked a strong central government. The Chinese Civil War was caused by two opposed political parties, the communists and the nationalists, to see who would be able to restore order and regain central power over China to bring it back to its glory.
Lenin also suppressed democracy, closing down the constituent assembly in January 1918 after ‘one day of democracy’. Both the Tsars and the communist rulers also showed no hesitation in the use of secret police and mass terror. Each regime had its own secret police - the Third Section under Alexander II, the Okhrana under Alexander III and Nicholas II, the Cheka, the NKVD and the KGB under the communists. The suppression of opponents was also a common practice throughout the period. Under the term of Pyotr Stolypin as Prime Minister (1906-11), hundreds of opponents were hanged - earning the hangman’s noose the nickname - ‘the Stolypin necktie’.
In 1907, 1,200 government officials were murdered in political terrorist attacks by revolutionaries. Meaning that the revolutionary ideas and parties were still strong and threatening the government position. They tackled this problem by making the trial and punishment system harder and harsher. Stolypin (the Tsar Chief Minister) was the main man responsible for this, he met terror with terror by using field court Martials – these involve the armed forces deciding who’s guilty and what their punishments should be. Due to the stricter and tougher jury system 1,144 death sentences were handed out between October 1906
He ordered many scholars to be buried alive because they secretly kept books that weren’t allowed to be viewed. He even ordered 460 Confucianists, followers of Confucius, to be buried alive for daring to disagree with him and 700 more stoned to death by his soldiers. He confiscated weapons and implemented a harsh legal system to punish offenses. All people under Qin Shi Huang were equal before the law. People who breaks them would be punished severely.
During WWII, Japan invaded China after a small, nearly ineffective bomb hit Japan in hopes to destroy their Manchuria Railway that China was blamed for. With their invasion as a response to the bomb, Japan sent troops all around China, with Nanking being one of the many captured. The rape of Nanking was a horrific event. Japanese soldiers tortured and terrorized innocent women and children to their deaths. They were passed around from soldier to soldier, beaten, humiliated, and made a mockery while the soldiers had no mercy for their souls.
Following the resilience from the protesters, the then Chinese paramount leader Deng Xiaoping and other party elders resolved in using force against the protesters. They declared a total Martial law on the protesters and deployed 300,000 troops to Beijing that led to the wide spread killing at the Tiananmen Square and arrest of the protesters and their supporters, and also expelled foreign journalist from china. Reference: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB16/ http://www.tsquare.tv/themes/TatTcover.html