How Far Do You Agree That Violence Was a Key Feature of Communist Rule in China in the Years 1949-57?

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Violence was a feature of Communist rule in China; however this was not the only way they ruled over the years as they sometimes did what the people wanted. The Communist Government set out a series of reunification campaigns in which three different armies were dispatched West and South to Tibet, Xinjiang and Guangdong. In Tibet, the PLA were sent to wipe out all traces of Tibetan identity leading to many deaths. In Xinjiang and Guangdong, the PLA brought the provinces under their control using terror and violence to stop anyone that disagreed. This shows that violence was part of the Communist rule, and it was used in order to get their way. In an attempt to tighten Chinas political control, the ‘three anti-movement’ was introduced in 1951. This targeted the areas of waste, corruption and inefficiency. A year later, this expanded into the ‘five anti-movement’ which was intended to stimulate the economy by attacking; industrial sabotage, tax evasion, bribery, fraud and theft of government property. These anti-movements were the start of the political party hatred, in which it became clear that China was to be turned into a one party state. These movements show that even when trying to change politically, violence was used. In the early 1950s, particular CCP severity was evident in Shanghai and Guangzhou; cities in which had been notorious for their underworld gangs and triads in the years of the Nationalist rule. The CCP turned on these in a violent bloodletting, after using their local knowledge to consolidate its hold on the city. Half of the 130,000 ‘bandits and criminals’ that were rounded up were executed. A similar process in Shanghai led to 28,000 deaths. These deaths show a massive rise in violence in order for the CCP to get their way and remove China from the people that they do not want. To maintain control, Mao decided to get rid of a whole class;
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