One of the major causes of tension was the Berlin blockade which caused an accelerated involvement of the US in Europe. The US disagreed with many of the SU’s political ideologies and decisions like its control over Poland. Also, Britain sided with the US and backed Iran in its struggle to be independent of the SU. There were several other problems concerning the Soviet Union’s pursuit of power; namely its conquests in Turkey, Greece and Korea. These heightened the US’s fear of communism and continued to radically change its foreign policy to deal with this threat.
Much of the tension between the Soviet Union and the United States was linked to the end of World War II and the negotiations for settlement that followed. During the war, the Soviets believed that Britain and the United States had intentionally delayed a second front against Germany. They suspected that their so-called “allies” had decided to let the Soviets bear most of the burden of the war, but intervened towards the end to influence peace settlements. These misconceptions left feelings of tension and hostility between the two superpowers. Both the Soviet Union and the United States had very different ideas of how to establish postwar security.
However, the breakdown in relations between the emerging superpowers during the war and the consequences of the disbandment of the Grand Alliance can be interpreted as the start of the Cold War. Tensions during wartime conferences paved the way for post-war conflict and it can be argued that as soon as the common enemy of Hitler was destroyed, the disparity in post-war aims of the superpowers led to the Cold War. The conferences of ‘the Big Thee’ at Yalta and Potsdam produced areas of tension surrounding plans for Germany and Poland, highlighting the USA fear of USSR’s expansion. Therefore Stalin’s policies for these countries can be construed as an attempt to form an ‘Eastern Bloc’, knowing this to be in complete contradiction with Western ideals for a world without spheres of influence. However, there is not much evidence to suggest the USSR’s was pursuing expansionist aims at this point, and in fact was simply securing its borders.
There were a combination of reasons as to why relations between the USA and the USSR grew worse by 1948, but the underlying cause were the ideological differences between the two superpowers; USA (capitalism) and the USSR (communism). Once Germany was defeated, the joint aim of the allies was achieved and they were no longer forced to cooperate in an, “Marriage of Convenience”. From then on, the relationship between the USA and the USSR worsened. One main reason as to how the relationship between the Soviet Union and the USA grew worse was because of the Yalta and Potsdam conferences. At the Yalta conference, Roosevelt’s death in 1945 brought an end to any superficial unity that still existed at the end of 1943 and Stalin had promised free elections in the countries of Eastern Europe.
Similarly, Russia created the Warsaw Pact which was a treaty of friendship between 8 communist states in Eastern Europe, this was Russia’s military reaction to the Western Block and NATO. Both countries were fighting to be the most powerful and after the end of World War 2 in 1945 Europe was left with 2 major super powers, Russia and USA, this left other countries such as Britain to essentially pick a side. This led to Proxy wars which was conflict between 3rd parties fighting on behalf of the more powerful parties. Joseph Stalin was the Soviet leader during this time period, he did not trust the American’s after they only told him of the new terrifying weapon he was going to use against the Japanese after Hiroshima hit. Stalin feared the American atomic bombs more so that American’s refused to share nuclear secrets, the assumption from this was the Stalin
The main reasons are Ideology, which is the way people believe we should live and Protection, sometimes called security. In a nutshell, there were two belief systems, Communism and Capitalism which thought the other method was wrong. Also, in the 20th Century Communist USSR had been invaded twice from Western Europe and they wanted to make sure that it would not happen again. USA and USSR fought together in WWII because they both needed to defeat the common enemy, Nazi Germany. Even then they didn’t trust each other; USA and UK had even tried to defeat the Communists after the Russian Revolution and that hadn’t been forgotten by the USSR.
Stalin, apparently defying decisions made at Yalta, did not liberate the countries in Eastern Europe, but instead occupied them with his troops, much to the vexation of the Western allies. It is customarily argued that it became established Soviet policy to make them ‘voluntary’ satellite states through infiltration and subversion, while Britain and the US nobly called for self-determination. However, what is often ignored by this simplistic argument is that Stalin could not merely haul the the largest army in history, millions of hungry, armed, bloodthirsty men, back to the
It is clear that if the Western Powers were against Hitler, war could have been avoided, it encouraged Hitler, Hitler could never be appeased, and that it prompted the Nazi-Soviet Pact. However due to its failure the policy of appeasement, to some extent was responsible for the collapse of International Pease by 1939, but not mainly responsible. There were superseded by other factors: Treaty of Versailles, the Great Depression, role of Hitler and the failure of League of Nations. Appeasement means giving into a nations demand in order to avoid further conflict or war. World War 1 caused the death of nearly nine million people and cost huge sums of money.
Soon after, various evaluations of the war dictated that USA and the “western” supporters (i.e. Capitalist governments) were to blame. As far as Modern World History states, I am led to believe that both sides were “belligerents” of equal contribution to the war’s happening. Russia (USSR) and its Communist Allies have been frequently discarded with the blame of the Cold War’s development but is this harsh judgment really a correct interpretation of the events? Because of allegations leading up to the 1960s, the ordinary western resident would most probably blame the USSR for the war’s happening (obviously the element on pride and patriotism are to be taken into account) but to the more historically taught persons, further elements can be taken into account.
Its standing amongst Germans is highly questionable, and the lasting question about the impact of the Treaty of Versailles is still a big question. However, I believe the Weimar Republic was a strong enough government to be able to ride through all these problems. The Weimar Republic faced its first problem when it took government of Germany, the opposition parties. It was fired from both sides by the Left-Wing communists and the Right-Wing supporters of the Kaiser, the previous monarch of Germany. The communists disliked the Weimar’s democratic government, and wanted to follow Russia and become communist, even if they had to seize Germany by force.