How Far Do You Agree That Soviet Aggression Was the Most Important Cause of Deteriorating Relations Between the Superpowers by 1947?

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By 1947 Europe was still dragging itself out of the Second World War and the two superpowers were already having severe disagreements concerning the next step for the continent. With both sides accusing the other of aggressive tactics it is small wonder as to what eventually became the norm in Europe. The Soviet Union had indeed used aggression in its own conquest of Eastern Europe especially Poland because of Stalin’s basic paranoia of the West. The Americans however, did not always play by the rules they set out either, which were outlined by the death of Franklin Roosevelt and his successor Harry Truman’s hard-line tactics towards the Soviet state. The Soviet Union emerged from the war with 27,000,000 million civilian and military causalities something which Stalin was keen to use as a bargaining tool in the talk at Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam. However, Stalin arrived with very different views compared to the other allies of America and Great Britain. By July 1944 the Red Army had swept through Central Poland and had destroyed any non-communist resistance this showed that Stalin was not prepared to have any non-communist thinking in his sphere of influence despite what was about to say at Yalta that he would give the Baltic States free elections. Stalin was obsessed with the idea of a ‘security belt’ which could be an argument showing his deep mistrust of the west. This aggression towards the West meant that America had no choice at times but to counteract Stalin such as when Truman stopped the Lend-Lease aid programme to Russia in May 1945. However, this could be seen as a reaction by Truman because many in the American government had criticised his predecessor Roosevelt for being soft on Russia. This could also be seen as a sign of American aggression especially due to the appointment of Truman in the White House. Harry Truman was heavily influenced by the
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