How Far Do You Agree That The Great Depression Was Essay

812 WordsJan 27, 20124 Pages
• Economic slump very important – agricultural support from 1928, growing employment problems led to political extremes, effects of Wall St Crash, unemployment • Weimar unable to deal with the problems – look to other parties • Growing legitimate organisation • Manifesto appeal • Appeal of Hitler himself • Conclusion – combination of factors Despite a dip in the electoral support of the Nazis in November 1932 (17), there was a remarkable rise in support after 1928. Between 1928 and 1932 votes for the NSDAP rose from less than a million to over 10 million (18). There is no doubt that the economic slump experienced during these years was the underlying cause of the rise in votes (19) but there were other factors which combined to make the rise so great. In particular, Nazi Party organisation was able to exploit the opportunity provided by economic problems (20). Even before the Wall Street Crash in 1929 the Nazis gained support from Germans affected by economic problems (21). In 1928 when the Nazis gained 12 seats, much of their increased support came from farmers worried by a growing agricultural slump. Many voters also feared left-wing gains as industrial disputes were beginning to increase. Hitler attempted to take advantage of this in the summer of 1929 by leading a campaign for a referendum against the Young Plan, which had reduced the hated reparation payments but not substantially (22). With the stock market crash of 1929 the Nazi Party was able to take advantage of economic difficulties even more (23). The Great Depression led to mass unemployment and the requirement to repay foreign loans. The Weimar government was unable to pay state benefits and the standard of living of an increasing number of Germans began to fall. Many Germans began to turn away from the Weimar Republic and looked to more extreme answers. The Nazi
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