How Far Do Sociologists Agree That Parental Attitudes Determine Working Class Attainment?

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Due: 18th February 2011 How far do sociologists agree that parental attitudes determine working class attainment? The debate outlined above suggests that there are two sides to the statement. There are those who will agree such as Cultural Deprivation Theorists, who will believe that parental attitudes will very much determine attainment of people in the working class.However sociologists such as Material deprivation theorists believe that other factors contribute to working class attainment. To adress this issue i will be looking at both sides of the argument. Sociologists like Cultural deprivation theorists would agree with this statement.They believe that parental interests and attitudes to education influence working class childrens' attainment levels, this can be positive or negative influence.They would argue that children look upon their parents as role models, .When they see their parents act in a negative way regarding rules, school and work, they often follow in their footsteps. This could result in the children developing an Anti-School subculture. Studies do show that the working class do considerably worse than the middle class, in many aspects of education. Children in the middle class are more likely to struggle in school, more likely to underachieve at GCSE level and more likely to be expelled and excluded than middle class students. Cultural deprivation theorists would blame this on the lack of parental guidence and encouragment to succeed in education. This could of been developed from the results of an experiment A famous experiment was one carried out by Willis Douglas. He claimed that parental interest was the most important factor; he claimed that middle class parents had higher expectations than working class parents and they attatched higher values. Along with providing more support for their children. This was seen to increase
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