How Far Did the Lives of African-Americans Living in the U.S. Improve Between the Years 1945-1955?

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The main issue that faced any African-American living in the US was segregation. Under the Jim Crow laws -established in 1877- there was a ‘separate but equal’ policy that was later upheld by the U.S. Supreme court (Plessy v. Ferguson); unfortunately, although races were very much made to be separated, there was no equality whatsoever. White people justified their mistreatment of African-Americans by claiming racial superiority and arguing that blacks were unfit for ‘civilised society’. From this time onwards, African-Americans were not given the right to freedom: they had minimal education facilities; they were segregated from the white Americans and lynchings were a common site. Black Americans were made to live a tough life under the laws of the Southern states of the US. After the Second World War, some citizens of the Southern US began to give deliberate thought into why the Black society were treated so poorly. It seemed contradictory to be fighting Nazi racism within Europe whilst letting racism going unchallenged in America. Many African-Americans had fought for their country during the war and understandably expected better treatment upon their arrival back to the US. Their mistreatment was beginning to be seen as inappropriate by some. In 1945, Harry Truman became the 33rd President of the United States. In contrast from what you would expect from a southern-born civilian- where it was natural for racism to occur- he attempted to assist with the Civil Rights movement. In 1947, he released a document called ‘To secure these rights’, this report called for a new series of measures to improve racial relations in the southern states of the US. Amongst them were an end to segregation in both public housing and in schools; enforcement of anti-lynching laws; protection of black voting rights and police professionalism. During election year, Truman issued out
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