How Successful were Wolsey’s Domestic Policies?? In this essay I’m going to be writing about Thomas Wolsey and how successful he was in dealing with all the domestic policies and if they were success or failures. Cardinal Wolsey introduced some policies over the time period of 1515-1529 when he was in power, historians have argued that for centuries whether his policies were a success or a failure. Wolsey was exceedingly powerful during his reign and held a very high and mighty position. His roles were very important and had to be done very well, his roles were Kings Chief Minister and cardinal with a papal legate, making him very controlling but also giving him lots of responsibilities for the administration of places from finance to control of the church and also legal reforms.
How successful was Edward IV management of the Royal Finances? Edward IV inherited the throne from Henry VI who had left the Crown in serious debt, therefore it was up to Ed to right this by earning not only enough to run the country, but also to pay back the debt. Furthermore a medieval king was expected to “live of their own” which meant that they should be able to afford the running of the country through their own lands and not need to ask parliament for tax which leads onto my next point in which the king should not rely on Parliamentary grants too much. I think that to a large extent, Ed was successful in managing the Royal Finances because I think that he fulfilled all of the criteria. Firstly, he was successful in managing the royal finances by innovatively using the Royal Chamber to efficiently manage the royal income.
From 1536 the royal court was at the heart of the government and power lay with the king. However, to exercise it effectively he relied on a bureaucracy supervised by the Council and the co-operation of both the nobility and Church. When the king intervened with the parliament and governments his power was at its strongest forming a King-in-Parliament. The whole arrangement of appointments was held by patronage where both the king and those close to him acted as patrons putting forward their clients for position and office to ensure Henry could depend on each and every one to support him in order to succeed a Henrician Reformation. This facilitated him to becoming the most superior individual and increased overall royal power by building up political influence in the latter years.
How far did Edward IV restore the authority of the monarchy in the years 1471 – 1483? Edward IV was very successful at restoring order in England between 1471 and 1483. As this was his second reign, Edward was very experienced, so he had good knowledge in what to do to support England. Edward IV improved royal finances drastically. His methods included increasing the effectiveness of certain existing methods to bring income to the crown, this included: * Ordinary revenue, this came in annually from crown lands and custom duties but also included the profits of justice (fines) and feudal dues on the lands retained in return for military services.
This tells us that he had firm control of the country, and was allowing change in the safest of manors. On the other hand the lack of rebellions may have been due to Northumberland’s ruthless nature during previous rebellions making people afraid of repeating the same outcome. The movement to Protestantism can be attributed more to the Kings wishes, and not represent what Northumberland himself wanted. Northumberland’s social and economic ideas were primarily aiming towards getting the government’s finances back to stability. After Henry VIII’s erratic spending the crown and country were in financial crisis and this systematic and logical approach made by Northumberland towards the crisis shows his ability in this area of ruling.
Another way that Edward IV proved that he was not a ‘puppet king’ as Henry VI was seen as was by removing Warwick’s brother, George Neville, as chancellor. However, although these events showed that he was not controlled by Warwick, there were many failures that outweigh his successes when it came to dealing with the over mighty subjects. Edward was said to have ‘alienated’ Warwick, which then caused him to become over mighty. Warwick was the biggest land owner in England and therefore had a lot of power, maybe even too much power as some people thought when it came to Edwards’s decision. Edwards marriage to Woodville was said to show favouritism as he subsequently gave the Woodville family titles and arranged the best marriages possible for Elizabeth’s sister, meaning that Warwick’s daughters did not get the desired marriages.
The battle of the Spurs (1513) and the Battle of Flodden (1513), although to some considered small skirmishes, did make the countries of Europe start to notice England as a possible threat and certainly now knew about Henry VIII. England didn’t really gain the Honour and Glory that Henry VIII claimed they had gained through these two battles but it certainly did make other countries start to notice England and Henry VIII. One big success that Henry VIII did manage to accomplish in the early years of his reign was that he was able to gain the French pension he felt England deserved. After the capturing of the two towns Tournai and Thérouanne Henry demanded the French compensate the English for the areas that had been previously under English control. We can infer that this demand for the pensions was more
* England had a strong strategy for colonizing. An example of this is Jamestown. * Strong Leaders * Support of Investors SO to win this struggle fisrt of all on nations requires a good strategy.The second powerful tool is economic support or economic resources. Because if somebody has a good strategy to establish a colony but doesn’t have money then probably he won’t achieve his goal.The third required tool that a colony must have is a strong leader. Because even an ordinary group of people can not be organized withoout a leader to guide them.
In the process, they could hold back a number of potential rebellions and create a consensus of popular support for the rule of a new, privileged leadership.When we look at the American Revolution this way, it was a work of genius, and the Founding Fathers deserve the awed tribute they have received over the centuries. They created the most effective system of national control devised in modern times, and showed future generations of leaders the advantages of combining paternalism with command. 2. According to Zinn, how did the creation of the United States benefit the upper class? They created a world where a few families owned most of the wealth.
Not only did they westernized their education with modern sciences and modern life, but they also made a frame for the to establish laws and courts of justice (Document3). The British built a strong and efficient administration ran the government for the Indians, deciding that they would not be able to run their government properly, became a problem later for India. Imperialism may have been a positive force for India in many ways, but the economic gain benefitted