To what extent was the Great Depression responsible for the collapse of the Weimar Republic? While the Great Depression had a huge impact on Germany, it is too simplistic to say that the Depression alone led to the collapse of the Weimar Republic. The Depression had a great impact both economically, socially, politically and psychologically, but its main significance was the opportunity it provided radical politicians such as Hitler. The collapse of the Republic itself can almost be described as inevitable, having being built on unstable and weak foundations. As well as the Depression, the collapse of the Republic can be linked to a large number of factors, including the influence of the army, political instability and constitutional weaknesses.
The failure of the Weimar Republic to fix the increasingly pressing problems of Germany consequently contributed massively to their downfall, as it demonstrated their weakness. By the early 1930s the German people were resentful of their government because of the economic issues caused by the Great Depression and Wall Street Crash. For example industrial production in 1930 had dropped by 13% of what it was in 1928, and by 1932 it had dropped by 42%. This combined with the fact many Germans still had the effects of the economic problems of the early 1920s fresh in their minds caused declining support for moderate parties and therefore the Republic. This can evidently be seen from the election results as in 1928 the SPD had 29.8% of the vote and by 1932 this had dropped to 20.4%.
The Great Depression introduced a time of record unemployment, poverty, and unforeseen economic collapse. The Franklin D. Roosevelt administration wasn’t that effective in combating the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) and his administration put new ideas and programs, called the New Deal, to help the struggling American people and to set a new standard. However, the New Deal was also created to increase the federal government’s power. Franklin D. Roosevelt and administration created the New Deal plan.
What came along the effects of The Depression was the soaring unemployment rate as well as the poor living and working conditions that much of the population had to endure, this caused the people of Germany to look to the government for support. When the republic failed to help their people, the citizens of Germany turned away from the government and instead turned to the the Nazi party, with its nationalistic ideology which seemed promising and an appealing alternative to the Weimer
How far was the economic slump in Germany responsible for the remarkable rise in support for the Nazi party in the years 1928-32? Germany’s economic slump was a major factor in the Nazi’s good fortunes; however it was by no means the only factor which contributed to their rise in support. Linked with the poor economic climate, the political situation was in a dire condition, with no party apparently able to find a solution to Germany’ problems. A societal shift away from support for democracy also enhanced the NSDAP’s support as they seemed to offer a new hope to the public. The elite undermined Weimar as a result of their traditional values and hatred of democracy.
6) Hoovervilles were named after Herbert Hoover because he was the president at the time of the great depression. The American people felt like he was to blame for the terrible economy because he raised taxes when he promised that he wouldn't as well as creating the Smoot Hawley tariff which eventually cut America off from foreign trade, tightening the grasp that the depression already had on the U.S. The negative view that the American people had of Hoover was not fair because he put forth more effort than any other president before him to pull America out of a
With significantly reduced wealth, spending decline, banks failed and on top of this drought conditions contributed to a lack of good crops. The Great Depression was the result of an unlucky combination of factors, but mainly the use of margin is to blame (Doc . Worldwide, there was increased unemployment, decreased government revenue, and a drop in international trade. At the height of the Great Depression in 1933, more than a quarter of the US labor force was unemployed. Some countries saw a change in leadership as a result of the economic turmoil.
There are several reasons why America needed the Great Depression to solidify their foundation. There are several reasons why the worst economic depression in the history of the US occurred. There is not one specific cause but many small problems combining to have an effect as great as the depression. One cause was the Stock Market crash of 1929. Stock’s had dropped due to the time period before, known as the “Roaring Twenties” due to WW1, many people had an abundance of wealth which
They included Jews, anti-Nazi Germans, and the Slavic people. As in 1933, the documents show how the US State Department continued with its restrictive policy on foreigners. This is because the stock market had crashed, there was rising unemployment and everybody felt that the country lacked resources to continue accommodating new immigrants (Abzug 145). Despite this, natives of some American states reflected the growing attitude of anti-Semitism at that time. According to him, as recorded in the New York Times, American anti-Semitism although it had not reached the level of the Nazi Germany, pollsters estimated that they were being unfavorable to them (Abzug 25).
How far was the Russo Japanese War responsible for the outbreak of the 1905 Revolution? The Russo Japanese war of 1904 was a factor contributing to the outbreak of the 1905 revolution, however it is not completely true to say that it was entirely responsible. In Russia at this time and before, there was a lot of tension. The population of Russia were very unhappy with a number of things, for example: no land, pollution, no money etc. This caused a lot of distress amongst Russia’s population as well as depression.