Furthermore, item A also says, "sociologists see the education system as performing a vital role in modern societies." One functionalist called Durkheim holds this view; he believes in social solidarity and specialist skills. Durkheim argues that society needs a sense of solidarity so that it's individual members feel themselves to be part of a single community. He argues that without social solidarity, social life and cooperation would be impossible because each individual would pursue their own selfish desires. The education system helps to create social solidarity by transmitting society's culture from one generation to the next.
Therefore worship of the totem is the worship of the social group itself. Such collective worship, ceremonies and rituals act as social glue, binding people together in shared moral values and creating social cohesion. People acquire a social identity,
An account is given of the application of the theory and how the various structures within society functions for the good and benefit of the whole as well as a reflection on the relevance of the theory in modern society. 1. Definition of structural functionalism Structural functionalism can be defined as, "…an idea of society being likened to a holistic, integrated system, but with a much stronger emphasis on the self perpetuation of the system which implies that the social institutions, which collectively form a social structure, function to maintain the harmony of the social whole."
P1 Explain the principle sociological perspectives Functionalism Talcott Parsons (1902-1979) was key in the development of functionalism. He saw society as a system of institutions that worked together which ensured the smooth running of society. He believed that the main role of an institution be it the family or in the education system, that all members of that group were socialised and understood the values and the behaviour that was acceptable in their society. Functionalists are very positive about society and they always see good in everything. Functionalists also believe that society is based on consensus (agreement) and socialised (brought up) to agree on how to behave (norms) and what is right and wrong (values).
So the main function of education is to maintain a value consensus in society. Consequently Parsons (1961) sees schools as a bridge between family and wider society. This bridge is needed as they both operate on different principles. Within the family, the child is judged by particularistic standards and status is ascribed. Whereas in education and wider society, status is achieved and we are all judged by the same universalistic standards e.g.
The social care worker must have a working relationship with service users. The relationship between the social care worker and line manager is another example of a working relationship. This relationship must stay professional within the adult care setting. Explain why it is important that social care workers work in partnership with individuals using the service and their family. It is important that social care workers work together with service users and their families as both have a common goal to protect the service users.
It reflects what is important to the person (now and for the future) and specifies the support they require to make a valued contribution to their community. 1.2 Explain the benefits of using person-centred thinking with individuals. By using person centred thinking a profile can be made to suit the individual focusing on what is important to the person, how they wish to live and then moves towards those aspirations. 1.3 Explain the beliefs and values on which person centred thinking and planning is based. It is based on the belief and values that people with learning disabilities are entitled to the same rights and choices as other members of society.
It interprets each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society” (Crossman, A, 2011). Functionalism focuses on the maintenance of stability and order within a society, viewing society as a system of integrated parts, with needs that must be fulfilled so that social order is maintained (Germov, 2009).It recognizes but does not challenge inequalities within society. The perspective of functionalism is one of social order, structure and conformity. A key concept of symbolic interactionism is the “self
Using Material from Item A and elsewhere, asses the contribution of functionalism to our understanding of families and households. (24 marks) Functionalist, a structuralism approach who believes our behaviour is determined by society, they believe behaviour is constrained social forces and government and the individual is made and controlled by society therefore according to this approach every individual is a product of society. Functionalist theory belongs to this approach and takes a consensus view. This is the agreement that every shares the same values and society works in harmony. Functionalist believes every institution has its own purpose in order to exist.
It is also important to actively acknowledge the person’s strengths, passions and aspirations, and actively involve the family and friends, if the person wishes. Person-centred values includes: individuality; rights; choice; privacy; independence; dignity; respect; partnership; autocracy 2. Why is it important for social workers to work in a way that promotes person centred values? It is important to acknowledge the needs and wishes of your service users, and ensure that these underpin the planning and delivery of care. Promoting continuity of care that values the service users unique past, present and future individuality and recognizing and respecting the person’s role and contribution to family and wider society.