How Does Postmodernity Differ To Modernity? Essay

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How does Postmodernity differ to Modernity? Compare through using the ideas of identity and culture. Evaluate the idea that postmodern ideas have superseded the structural theories of Functionalism and Marxism Key thinkers in postmodernity such as Baudrillard and Lyotard propose that modernity ended in the late 20th century. It can be implied that this coincides with the advancement of information technology and the mass media. Postmodernity is a result of more efficient information dissemination and since the progression of so much available information people have questioned the truths and values of modernity. The Postmodern condition, a term coined by Lyotard for his book published in 1984, is a wide ranging philosophical concept that is hard to define. On definition could be that postmodernity is the frailer of modernity. It is a way of looking at a world in which the real no longer governs the lives of people. The media and globalisation has dispersed western culture across the world blurring cultural boundaries. The past can give no clues to what has worth and meaning in the postmodern age and truth is relative to the individual. Modernity arguably began with the enlightenment, a time of scientific understanding and intellectual debate. This led to great changes in western societies. Recognised truths were questioned and advances in science and technology led to a new economy of knowledge and power. France was the centre for this cultural movement. The use of the printing press spread new ideas to the masses and a new intellectual age was born. This was an age of science empirical truth and meta-narratives and soon led to world changing events such as the French Revolution. The world moved from Feudalism to capitalism, industrialisation, rationalisation the nation state and surveillance of the people. Functionalism was the social perspective of modernity

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