Assess sociological explanations of the relationship between globalisation and religion 33 marks For secularisation theory, modernisation undermines religion. The importance of science and technology in economic development, and the rational worldview on which they depend, are seen as destroying belief in the supernatural. On the other hand, religion may contribute to development, as Weber argued in the case of the protestant ethic. More recently, sociologists have examined what role religion may play in development in today’s globalising world. Globalisation has brought rapid economic growth and has seen India become more important player on the world political stage.
Assess the usefulness of Postmodernism to our understanding of society today Postmodernism is a major intellectual movement that we are living in a new era of post modernity. There is an ongoing debate in sociology as to whether society has moved from modernity to post modernity. Modern society first emerged in Western Europe. Capitalism was established what is based on private ownership and of the means of production and the use of wage labourers. Capitalism brought about the industrialisation of modern society, this idea is favoured by Marxists but postmodernists argue that society is not as simple as this.
Throughout the duration of this essay, I will begin with exploring the idea and concept of postmodernism, and then move on to depict and evaluate these claims made by post-modernists in more depth. Postmodernism is a late 20th century phenomena that argues there has been a departure from modernism. There have been many changes which have led to this new epoch known as postmodernity. Most importantly, there has been a new form of society, brought about by fundamental changes in the nature of society. There are three distinct characteristics that allow us to recognize the difference from modernity; changes in capitalism, changes in the consumer society, and the rise of a global society.
The American Revolution was revolutionary by bringing change in economy. Due to the Revolution there was a big change at the state level where power went to the less wealthy (Doc I). Also the economy was changed by abolishing primogeniture (Doc G). Doing so enabled other people to get wealthy without having come from a wealthy family. Economy was an initiative to stop prevents people from supporting Great Britain.
One of the reasons companies outsource workers, and thus help imperialize foreign countries, is for cheap labor. Western corporations can have multiple sources for a given item, in order to allow continued production once one region realizes it is being treated unfairly and strikes. Oddly, it is argued that these companies could survive without any foreign connection—capitalism without imperialism. But, this would lower profits and prevent “advanced capitalism.” The decision to claim that cultures with what is considered modern technology is defined by military power rather than which culture is actually superior. It is this force that essentially created this gap.
Giddens argues that fundamentalism is a reaction to globalisation. He sees society as having moved to a “late modern” phase, in which globalisation has undermined traditional norms regarding the nuclear family, gender and sexuality. People are now faced with choice, uncertainty and risk and in this environment, fundamentalism flourishes as it promises certainty with its rigid, dogmatic beliefs. Giddens argues that globalisation increases fundamentalism by providing an alternative to the risk society of late modernity. Fundamentalists may reject some aspects of modernity, they embrace others in order to spread their beliefs, for example, through the Internet, email and electronic church, suggesting that fundamentalism does not represent a total rejection of globalisation and modernity.
Advertising Synthesis Essay The growth of media has paved the way for numerous outlets for advertising. Millions of people reading magazines, watching TV, listening to the radio and surfing the web are constantly bombarded with ads for different products or services. Although the creation of media has given us great power and knowledge, we see its consequences in our personal lives and in society as a whole. Advertising has altered the perception of wants versus needs, which has led to a significant change of the economy and its consumer capital. Whether many would prefer to admit or not, advertising has changed society- modifying the way Americans think and act in today's day and age, though not entirely for the better.
They have the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent, and that is power.” In a world that has become so dependent on media for both news and entertainment, it’s important to understand how this power, or if I dare say weapon, is monitored and regulated. It’s also important to understand how it developed over the years. I believe that Malcom X in his speech was referring to Mainstream media and the power it holds or at least held. Power that I think was transferred to a different entity with the emergence of what is now known as “New Media”. In fact, many people believe that new media will one day replace traditional mainstream media outlets.
Shirky starts by revealing the case about how our new technology has enabled amateurs to make a large number of average grade information and products, lowering our levels of what is considered acceptable. Shirky then provides horrid predictions of the future caused by the collapse of culture. He adds that these fears are actually true and have been around for a long period of time, proving this claim through historical references of the Guttenberg’s press and the Protestant reformation. Shirky shifts to focus on the importance of the innovations that occur after: the new norms are increasingly made the “intellectual output” of society. In the article Shirky establishes the point that we are now going through a similar growth in our publishing capability as we had in our past.
It rejected past ideals of conservative realism. Modernists believed that the weight of outdated philosophies and systems were holding back potential cultural development. For many, modernism opposes the hierarchical structures of society and is characterised by innovation and dynamism There are many discourses of modernity, as there is with post-modernity. As theorized by Marx, “the modern is the epoch that follows the middles ages, or feudalism”. Post-modernism is widely believed to have been born at the end of the second world war, however, historians David Somervell and Arnold Toynbee in their writing 'A study of histoy', suggested the concept of the post-modern period began as early as around 1875, to delineate a fourth stage of Western history, and the 'modern'.