How Does Golding Suggest That the Boys’ Society Is Collapsing in Lord of the Flies?

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Golding chooses two particular characters, Ralph and Piggy, who remain a constant to morality and civilization. Around these two characters, he shows how the boys' society collapses through two other characters: Jack Merridew and Roger. Golding shows that Ralph is committed to civilization and morality. He is described as “fair haired” and “having broad a boxer's” and has a face that “proclaims no evil”. These descriptions imply that Ralph is dedicated to society. There are some characters which the reader is more attached to than the others, as these phrases indicate a stereotype of the perfect boy- blond hair and blue eyes- which the author manipulated to show innocence, to make the reader aware that Ralph is not the cause of the boys' problems. Piggy is the second character that remains loyal to civilization. He is described as “fat”, “intellectual”, asthmatic and needs glasses. We, as readers, expect Piggy to be a smart and innocent person. He represents the scientific, rational side of civilization, and social order as, Piggy is the one who finds the conch and suggests that Ralph uses it to call the others on the island. Golding also mentions that his hair never grows, which also suggests to the reader that he is not vulnerable to the progression of savagery. Alternatively, Golding contrasts Jack and Roger to suggest the collapse of society. Jack is used by Golding to attribute less than human behavior: anarchy and savagery. He is described as having red hair, wears black with a snake clasp; he is “ugly, cruel and manipulative”. His appearance hints to the reader that he could be the cause of destruction on the island. “Within the diamond haze of the beach something dark was fumbling along...Then the creature stepped from the mirage on to clear sand, and they saw that the darkness was not all shadow but mostly clothing”. The
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