How Does Camus Present the Murder Using Language, Form and Structure in the Novel?

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How does Camus present the murder using language, form and structure in the novel? In the novel ‘The Outsider’, Camus uses a variety of literary techniques, such as language, form and structure in order to present the murder of the Arab in the novel to symbolise Camus’ own feelings about the irrationality and themes of the absurd and existentialism. Camus also uses the murder to represent the context of the novel, to show the tensions between France and Algeria in the 1930’s. Firstly, Camus uses the weather in the build-up to the shooting of the Arab in order to show Camus’ opinions about the absurdity of life. Throughout the chapter, Camus uses pathetic fallacy in order to create tension, which is mirrored in Meursault’s mood. This is shown when Meursault states that ‘the bright morning sunshine hit me like a slap in the face’ and also when he describes the heat, just prior to the shooting of the Arab, as ‘unbearable’. Meursault ends up shooting the Arab, which he blames on the weather because of how desperate he was to get out of the sun and wanted to get into the shaded area where the Arab was sitting, and so Meursault uses the weather as a reason to make the murder seem acceptable. By using the weather like this, Camus is displaying themes of the absurd, because of the way Meursault is used as an absurd character, in that he is emotionally detached from the murder, and feels that his dislike of the weather is an acceptable excuse for killing a man, because of this, the murder becomes symbolic of the themes of the absurd in society. Also, Camus uses the weather in the form of the novel, as the weather is used whenever there is a high tension situation involving Meursault. The heat is used to symbolise Meursault’s emotional instability, as it is used whenever Meursault is enduring situations in which he is unable to cope with his emotions, which is because he

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