"Outline and evaluate one explanation for institutional aggression" Aggression refers to angry or threatening behaviour that is intended to cause harm or pain psychologically or physically. Institutional aggression occurs within institutions such as in prisons or within social groups. The deprivation model argues that prisoner or patient aggression is due to individuals being exposed to stressful and oppressive conditions within the institution; that aggression is due to the exposure of a stressful environment. Stressful conditions can include overcrowding, which is seen to increase fear and frustration levels, leading to aggressive behaviour. Sykes argues that institutional aggression is a result of the environment, and that it is occurs within prison institutions because they experience deprivation on a daily basis.
How does Tennyson tell the story in Godiva? In this poem, Tennyson retells the story of Lady Godiva, based on the ancient medieval legend, which he is reminded of when passing through Coventry. The poor were overtaxed, which leads Lady Godiva to go to her husband the “Grim Earl” to get rid of this taxation. She offers to ride naked through the town in order to get rid of the tax, which “builds herself an everlasting name.” Tennyson portrays Godiva as a heroic figure who breaks free of the stereotypes of women. At the beginning of the poem the Earl is presented to us using the adjective "grim" to create a negative figure within the story.
The music, in the background “bright lights, big city” is ironic as Melanie insults her old friends at the small-town pub by asking, “how do you people live like this?”. This is like Gwen’s angry rhetorical questions like “Why do they live like that?”. Melanie’s turning point is when she choses to give up the fairy tale to remarry Jake. She realises the relationships are more important. Like in Away, Melanie escapes to the beach in the storm where she meets her true love, Jake.
Fear is created by Bronte in chapter two as the room is remote in comparison to the rest of the house, and once inside, Jane is isolated from the rest of its inhabitants. She “resisted all the way” which shows us that Jane is scared of going into the bedroom; as she has previously stood up to her cousin, who we know hurts her physically, the fact that an otherwise brave girl is scared of and trying to avoid going into a room makes us think that it is something to be feared. Bronte also created fear in the chapter through the words of Miss Abbot, who says “something bad might be permitted to come down the chimney and fetch you away” telling a child this is bound to scare them and created fear in the child and in the audience. The mystery in which the room is presented also makes it seem frightening, it is not mentioned to have a purpose, and is only mentioned by a colour, “the red room”. Whilst red is the colour of passion and lust it is also the colour of a more sinister thing; blood.
The novel A Northern Light is written by Jennifer Donnelly. It is about a sixteen year old girl named Mattie Gokey who has dreams to go to college in New York City but lives in a very poor neighbourhood which makes it hard for her to fulfill that dream. In desperate need for money after her mother dies, she takes on a job at the local hotel, where pregnant hotel guest Grace Brown asks her burn a bundle of letters. Later on, Grace’s drowned body is pulled out of the lake behind the local hotel and Mattie discovers that the letters she was told to burn but did not, reveal the depressing truth behind the murder. In the novel A Northern Light it demonstrates how difficult life was at the turn of the century.
In this amazing poem- The Lady of Shalott is a helpless lady, who is trapped in a tower on the silent Island of Shalott. She is under an unfortunate curse which forbids her to look out of the window towards the beautiful Camelot. The only knowledge she gains is from the reflection of the passing world through a mirror. One day as she entertains herself, weaving a tapestry of excitement that awaits her outside the cold metal bars of the window, she caught a sight a handsome knight passing by. His good looks forced her to say “I’m sick of shadows” and break the curse by leaving the tower, which results to her tearful death.
Once again this brings the theme of entrapment that features in much of Plath’s poetry as she felt she was trapped within her own body. Not only does the speaker refer to the bees being “dangerous” in a literal sense because they have the ability to harm people but she is also suggesting that her subconscious mind is a menacing, dangerous thing that should it be unleashed she would be in jeopardy. I imagine mind as the box and the bees as her uncontrollable thoughts that must be oppressed for if they were released from containment they would bring damage. The speaker’s inner turmoil is revealed as she feels she “can’t keep away from it”, she is all consumed by her dangerous thoughts as they continue to uncontrollably buzz around her head much like the venomous bees in the box. The bizarre image of the speaker curiously peering into the bee box and seeing “dark, dark” pulls us into complete and utter darkness.
Her shoes are doing the walking for her”, page 51, line 21. At the bar she meets a boy, whom she takes to a fun fair, which she’s not sure why she knows. At the park he wins a yellow gonk for her and kisses her on the lips. He leads her away from the crowds still kissing her, but when they reach a locked gate, she for some reason knows that she has to get away, and she turns her back to him and runs. She later learns that the funfair closed down years earlier and that a model had been strangled there in 1968, but in her jacket she finds the yellow gonk.
Both girls drove towards Marie’s house, and Rachel was introduced to Marie’s skinny, dirty teenage cousin. Rachel had moved way out of her comfort zone to visit Marie outside town, and weren’t confident with the situation. The house was more than half a mile outside the village, and Rachel felt all alone and isolated. It was an old house with a muddy van outside, a stained armchair and broken pallets all over the yard. Marie ended up showing Rachel the filthy and suffering fox, and when she saw the opportunity, she grabbed her bicycle, and drove away from Marie and her unpleasant cousin, the miserable fox, and the creepy house.
Her use of words in ‘Elm’ is also interesting. “Faults” could be emotional and/or physical and this shows the psychological states explored throughout Sylvia Plath’s work. “Malignity” symbolises evil and the intensity of how disturbed her life was.Another poem by Plath that I found to be personal on an intense and disturbing way was ‘Mirror’. It is clear as Plath looks into the mirror that she is unhappy, watching her age. A mirror never lies, but Plath cannot find solace in what she sees.