Running Head: GENDER DIFFERENCES Gender Differences in Short-Term Memory SC-PNG-0000009299 Alwin Aanand Thomson American Degree Program SEGi College Penang Abstract Females have a stronger short-term memory than males. To test short-term memory, I created an experiment in which the subject would be asked to recall a list of ten terms. On average, females remembered a greater percentage of the terms than males. Women were more likely to come up with a creative way to remember the terms, revealing a better ability to adapt and respond to uncertainty. Men are often hired over women, and men make more money than women.
That is, men and women, as well as boys and girls, are more alike than they are different” (Hyde, 2005, p. 581). To prove her hypothesis she focused on specific categories for possible similarities such as, cognitive variables, nonverbal and verbal communication, social and personality variables, psychological well-being, motor behaviors, and moral reasoning. My opinion of gender, prior to reading the article, men and women are far more different than others tend to want to believe. Women tend to be more driven by their emotions whereas men are driven more on their skills to problem solve and physical capabilities. That is not to say that there is not a sense of equality, but based on my personal observations a female has the tendency to be more capable of carrying out and following through with tasks more than a man.
The literature begins with a discussion of the research on gender and leadership.The literature review reveals that women were devalued more (relative to men) when displaying masculine styles than they were when displaying other leadership styles. Mainly, women lead in a more democratic and less autocratic style than men and the review suggestion that an attitudinal bias might influence their findings.The literature reveals that men are viewed more favorably than women in roles occupied mainly by men than for roles occupied equally by both sexes, or for roles where gender is unclear.When women demonstrate a behavior that is identified as outstanding, they may be evaluated without negative bias. When the quality of women leadership is ambiguous, it may be devalued relative to men leadership.The literature review also reveals that male and female leaders do not differ in personal or task-oriented styles but rather in tendencies to lead with a directive or participative style. Women tend to lead in a participative style while men tend to lead in a more directive style.References were made by Swim, Eagly, and Johnson throughout the study. Other citations were made by Bass, Yoder, Powell, Rosenthal.
At an early age boys tend to be more aggressive than girls, due to the ability to socialize being easier for girls than for boys thereby, creating gender difference in antisocial behavior. Also at an earlier age girls are more apt to show empathy and guilt than males. This difference may also include parenting and the way the parents respond to a difficult child, the mother being more empathetic to the child than the
Conclusion: Both boys and girls need to consider more when they make choices. And the boys have to accommodate to learn with so many smart girls in college in the future under this situation. Girls Against Boys Thesis: in the novel “Girls Against Boys”, the author demonstrates that the way students are educated in school and people’s opinions about future jobs make a gender gap in colleges now. More and more young girls are much more desirable to get college diplomas than boys. I .
The treatment in the criminal justice system varies from male to female. Females are more prone to give out more lenient sentences as opposed to male judges. Part of that is because females are more understanding and nurturing than men are. For example with a female judge you may receive life in prison instead of the death penalty. On the other hand, with a male judge, the chances of receive the full punishment for a particular crime is much higher.
Assess the view that gender differences in achievement are the result of changes in wider society. Boys and girls are achieving high and well in education. Girls have always been high achievers in education but over the last 50 years. Only some boys are falling a little behind than usual, but this is due to a very close link between boys underachievement and social class. There are many reasons to as why there is a huge difference between girls and boys achievements.
Divorce rates in the past 20 years have been declining the majority of that decline has been attributed to both men and women waiting longer to marry at a more advanced and mature age. Those who choose to wait until they are more mature to marry have a greater chance of being prepared to and have the ability to work through any issues that may arise early in the marriage. (Lamanna & Reidmann, 2011, 405). Perhaps more education can increase this likely hood as well, as often times during the education process most people would agree that they have had to deal with some sort of adversity weather that be a difficult test, the stress of having tons of work and very little time or maybe the class that is not going as well as you would like. Usually we learn not to give up but to try and isolate the reason for the stress and to find a solution to get through the issue(s) these lessons can also be
Children who have well educated parents listen to complex language with larger vocabularies and are read to more often. They then attend school more ready to learn. Students from less literate homes will learn more from better teachers than from worse teachers. But will they will not achieve, on average, as much as children from more literate homes. The effects of the achievement gap are that individual students do not get the education they deserve.