These friends and family were also given a palatinate which meant that if an over-mighty subject were to rise to overthrow Edward, like when the Duke of Warwick did in 1469, they had the power to build an army without royal consent and stop the over-mighty subject. Through these mirrored methods , Edward was able to to increase royal authority of the monarchy by enforcing law trough those who were close to him and could trust Another method Edward used in his first reign to increase royal authority was by destroying Lancastrian resistance. He did this by defeating the last standing Lancastrian supporters at Hedgely Moor and Hexham and by capturing Henry VI and forcing Margaret of Anjou to flee to France in 1465. This increased royal authority because there were no longer any Lancastrain figureheads to
From there the new tactics, thought of by General Haig and his Deputy, Rawlinson, were put into place. It was planned that a huge artillery bombardment would destroy the German trenches and would cut the barbed wire allowing the infantry to move through after walking across No man’s land. They also planned to carry packs of repair equipment to rebuild the German dugouts for their own defensive use to prevent the German’s taking back the territory. However events did not go as planned due to several factors. The German’s had an advantage with their land on higher ground allowing them to easily see the oncoming infantry.
In 1066, William Duke of Normandy, now known as “William The Conqueror” became king of England for several reasons, after the previous king Edward the Confessor. In the elections in 1066, Harold Godwinson was chosen by the witan to be king. William became king after he had defeated Harold in “The Battle of Hastings”. William won from both, William’s skill and Harold mistakes. William also had the opportunity to become king during the elections, because the other candidates had weaknesses: Edgar Aetheling was only 6 years old and he was too young to become king; Harald Hardrada was a Viking and a foreigner, this was to risky; Harold Godwinson wasn’t related to Edward and wasn’t fully English.
Then when Henry the II took rule the land expanded and England ruled over more of France but when Edward the III came to the throne he lost control of most of the French land. In 1328 when the French king Charles IV died with no male heir to the throne it sparked interest in Edward who believed he was the rightful heir to the throne because his mother (Isabella) was Charles sister. Although Charles cousin prince Phillip also thought he had the rightful place to the throne, this caused the first major battle of the hundred year war, The Battle of Crecy. The battle of Crecy took place in 1346 In France near Normandy in Crecy. King Edward III of England fought against King Phillip VI of France’s son the prince of France in the battle for the throne to rule France.
Luck Luckily for William, the wind changed direction in his favour on his journey north to England. When Harold had been fighting the Vikings in the north of England, some of his best troops were killed, giving a huge advantage to the Normans. Very luckily for the Normans, Harold was killed by an arrow in the eye at a key stage of the battle, leaving the Saxons without their leader. Another advantage to the Normans was that the Saxons were already exhausted after their battle with the Vikings and then had to march straight away on the long trip from Stamford Bridge to Battle. My Conclusion Overall I think that the main
In 1646, Charles’ hopes of winning the civil war were beyond bleak following the crushing defeating at the battle of Naseby. Curiously however, the majority of the population wanted the reinstatement of Charles. Rule by Parliament’s ruthless County Committees were arguably worse than that endured during Charles’ Personal Rule. After four years of ‘a war without an enemy’ people sought the peace and stability associated with the monarch figurehead: Charles. Additionally, suspicions had risen of radical parliamentarians and the people were reliant on Charles’ return to stop this.
William arranged his troops carefully and used them skilfully in battle. But they were losing, so then William decides to make a trick on the English. He made his troops act like they were retreating. King Harold and his army followed them, leaving their strong position on the hill, and that was what made Harold lose. These short-term causes were also very important because several techniques and Harold fill for it and William won the battle.
Washington waited for reinforcements and then attacked this fort, Fort Duquesne in 1754, marking the first bloodshed in the war. In 1756, after the conflict between the French and British turned into a world war, the British government changed. This change brought William Pitt into office as the head of the ministry. Some of Pitt’s actions and decisions not helped win the war in America, but they also were responsible for creating nationalistic views amongst members of the colonies. Pitt treated the colonists as allies rather than as servants that must follow orders.
They would also fight with the sun behind them and the wind blowing in toward the enemy so that their spears flew more accurately. When the Roman army were advancing toward the enemy, the held their shields high above their heads to make a sort of shell called “the tortoise”. This protected them from enemy spears. Another tactic they used was to march in different formations for example the wedge and the saw. They had other clever tactics like carrying their kit on their shields when they forded Rivers.
Haig, Britain’s leader was an experienced cavalry officer but he sometimes underestimated the power of the German Army. The Germans held high ground around the Somme area and were able to see the preparations for the attack therefore they built another trench line to strengthen their defences. Britain reconnaissance aircraft observed this, but Haig ignored the reports and warnings. This was bad planning because he could have gone over the plans on order to make the attack a surprise. Another example of bad leadership is Haig refused to believe that the British shelling was not working.