Chapter 4 Summary The War for Independence The Stirrings of Rebellion The heavy costs of the French & Indian War convinced the British government that additional revenues should be raised from the American colonists Parliament, persuaded by Prime Minister Grenville, passed the Stamp Act in 1765, the first tax levied directly on the colonists, on their goods and services (previous taxes had been duties, or tariffs, on imports) Special stamped paper was required for documents and paper items, including pamphlets and newspapers, affecting everyone Many colonists lost respect for British authority and anger rose against the King and Parliament The Sons of Liberty, an organization formed by Samuel Adams and others, harassed British officials and protested against the tax
British Pigs in Powdered Wigs The disorganized and disconnected British rule on the thirteen American colonies created situations that led to the Revolutionary War. Through unwarranted taxes, unwanted wars, and an overall mismanagement of the colonies lead the colonies to view Britain as an incompetent government. These complicated times brought thoughts of a revolution which was critically evaluated by leaders in the colonies. Leading up to the revolution men voiced their opinion through writings and speeches similar to Patrick Henry, John Adams, and Samuel Seabury. Small disagreements between the English Empire and the colonies continuously went unresolved until thoughts of rebellion started to become a serious topic in the colonies.
THE AMERICAN AND FRENCH REVOLUTION The revolution between the French and Americans were being forced by liberty and equality. Both wanting to obtain freedom by the high ranking monarchs. Differences were mainly visible between these two revolutions, such as the Americans wanting to get some sort of freedom from the taxes and laws that were forced buy Great Britain. Great Britain was a strong and powerful “group”. Whereas the French wanted a revolution to be freed from the monarchs that were implementing things in France.
These revolutions followed the American and French Revolutions, which had profound effects on the Spanish, Portuguese and French colonies in the Americans. Simon Bolivar was an influence of the Latin American Revolution. His goals were to mold the former Spanish colonies of South America into a confederation just like the U.S. The Latin American War of Independence comprised numerous wars and conflicts which took place between 1808 - 1829. He fought against Spanish rule in 1811 with the inspiration of George Washington.
Although Zinn argues that the conflicts caused by the differentiating social classes in order to dissolve the class divisions was the main cause of the American Revolution, the “other side of the story” is told by Schweikart and Allen, as they reason that it was actually the British who unknowingly burdened the colonies with oppression, which brought about the revolution itself. In Zinn’s fourth chapter of A People’s History of the United States, Tyranny is Tranny; he focuses more on the class differences in society that triggers the opposition against England, rather than the effects of British oppression. He states that the “American leadership was less in need of English rule, and the English more in need of the colonists’ wealth” (Zinn 60). With this said, the colonists then focused more on the pursuit of exploitation and profit, which would definitely spark rebellions of the poor against the rich especially because the poor had been overwhelmed by British taxes and the fact that only a small percentage of the wealthy controlled a huge majority of the city’s taxable assets. For this reason, the poor developed a hatred for the upper class that would
“E pluribus Unum.” Out of many, one. A single American colony could not take on “Mother England” but the American colonies UNITED, acting together as one had the power to bring down England and lead a revolution. During 1607 the British were very involved in the American lifestyle: the who’s, what’s, where’s, why’s and how’s. It was not until all of the Acts and taxes (stamp act, tea act, tax on molasses and stamps etc.) imposed upon the colonies that thy began to open their eyes and detach from “Mother England” who was supposed to take care of them but did no such thing, that the colonies began to join together.
Opposing ideas were being expressed in the parliament in England, some supporting others against the war. The portraits of the Georges on both sides of the Atlantic were provided. King George III, so often portrayed as awkward, arrogant, is given a more thoughtful treatment, he considered the colonists to be petulant subjects without legitimate complaint. His attitude led him to underestimate the will and capabilities of the Americans, “the war with ‘our brethren’ in America was unjust… fatal and ruinous to our country.” At that point in the revolution, George Washington was chosen as the commander-in-chief and he was making wise decision on choosing his
America’s decision to declare independence form Great Britain was both due the change of economic policies and to the development of refining life and liberty. After driving the French out, with help from the Indians and British troops, colonist began to quarrel with Parliament’s insistence of testing the limits of their power in North America. Their control was made difficult when residents decided to smuggle and boycott goods. Eventually, the colonies resistance and loss of patience would lead them directly to independence. The Proclamation of 1763 was the first to anger the colonist.
By contrast, the American colonists rebelled mainly against British rule. After the revolution, they established laws that protected individual rights balanced with representative national and state governments. The American Revolution was the first of a series of wars for independence that shared some common beliefs. Shared ideas included an emphasis on individual rights and the idea that a government’s power comes from the
History confirms the break between Britain and the United States was a war of independence, known as the American Revolution. This war physically and mentally broke the bond between Britain and one of her largest colonies, who decided that since they were in a new territory, they would be responsible for themselves. In his document entitled Common Sense, Thomas Paine reasons with the reader that the American population should revolt against the actions of the British monarchy, demonstrating that the voice (and rioting) of the people are potentially stronger than the government itself. This essay will demonstrate that Thomas Paine’s arguments parallel those of another group that defied the government and essentially set the revolt in motion: the sailors. This paper will first explore Paine’s arguments, and then the