In regards, politics go, the Puritans had some interesting views. As John Winthrop, in “a modell of Christian charity” said, the Puritans believed their moral and divine cause, i.e. creating a community of righteous Christians gave them justification to defeat violent “heathens” often times without fair treaty, negotiation, or any other semblance of normal politic. Indeed, they truly believed themselves to be a model for Christianity that the whole world would watching, as is exemplified in the “modell of a Christian charity”. Leaders of the Church were given excessive power.
The English were mostly Puritans and pilgrims. The pilgrims wanted to separate from Protestantism, so they came over to the New World. The Puritans wanted to change ideas within the Anglican Church because they felt it was too similar to Catholicism. The Puritans came to the New World and had a huge influence. Unlike the Spanish, the English never forced their religious beliefs onto the Indians.
Ideologically, Britian and the Americans had different views on everything. From their government to their religion. King James liked to think he ran the English churches which the English did not like. There were little things like economical views that were causing the American colonies to separate from the British. John Hughes and Benjamin Franklin came up with the Stamp Act which many people did not like.
Question 1: Anne Hutchinson was a threat to Puritan society in a combination of ways that other dissenters were not, which is the reason she was banished. The Puritan society in Massachusetts was established not so that people can exercise freedom of religion, but only so the Puritans can freely exercise their religion. These were a very intolerant people of any one else’s religious belief; and, their leaders did everything possible to keep other religions from prospering. Their main belief was that the entire community had to follow God’s laws as interpreted by their leaders and if they did then God would reward them. However, if the entire community did not follow God’s laws then the entire community would be punished.
He and other Congregationalists believed Charles I was more hostile to the Puritans than his father had been. Under his leadership, the Church of England attempted to suppress Puritan practices. Apprehensively, the Congregationalists were convinced that they will no longer be able to practice their religion freely in their homeland. They wanted to remain committed to reforming the Church of England but considered the thought that they can pursue that aim in America. John Winthrop, the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company, organized the initial migration of the Puritans, transferring the Massachusetts Bay Company headquarters to New England where they settled in the
In America, all the states came together to create one unified group, but each colony is dissimilar and unique. Going back to the mother country England, Puritans wanted to purify the Anglican Church because they believed not everyone should be part of the church. They sought refuge in New England to worship their own religion. Others desired a change in lifestyle. Englishmen saw the Chesapeake as a place to make profit.
One of the most popular causes of migration to the New World was the search for religious freedom. In John Winthrop’s writings (document A), he states how he and his community act as the servants of God. They not only desired to be able to worship however they please, but these early Americans also wanted to spread their religion to as many people as they could, with the best of intentions, of course. I turn to Captain John Smith and his trips to Virginia (document F). Smith believes that the worst of those that he traveled with were the ones who wanted to make “all men their slaves” (paragraphs 2).
The Puritans The Puritans were suffering in England because of economic setbacks, and religious prosecution. Tired and disappointed with the direction England society was heading, Winthrop and his followers migrated across the Atlantic Ocean. The Puritans were highly religious individuals, who were sincere and honest about their faith. Their Lifestyle was strictly based on the Bible, and their devotion to God was immense. The Puritans goal was to reform the Church of England, and they thought they could accomplish that by taking the Church to a foreign land.
The sermon explains in detail of the wrath God has and what Hell has in store for the non-believers. It is very clear from this document religion was a very important part of people’s lives during colonial times. “The Great Awakening” was a spiritual movement in the 18th century for the English colonies. The Great Awakening was caused because of the growing number of disbelievers of Christianity, and from a political point of view, it was weakening the colonies government’s steadiness. In order for political power to not decrease, since religion and government went together, the colonists started The Great Awakening.
The Glorious Revolution was the dethroning of the unpopular Catholic James II and enthroning Protestant rulers William III and Mary. When the people of New England heard of this, they rose against their royal leaders and tried to get a sense of equality in their colonies. 29. The result of the rebellion in New England was upsetting in that royal governors did eventually restore semblance and order lead by the mother country. There was even more administrative control in the colonies due to Charles II's appointed English officials which hired their friends of whom knew little and did not care about American affairs.