How Did The Nile River Affect The Economy

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Surrounded by mostly sand, Egyptians settled near the banks of the Nile River to build their civilization. The Nile is considered the longest river in the world. The river provided prosperity to Egypt, while the surrounding dessert and oceans provided safety and security. The Nile River was primarily responsible for the Egyptian’s booming economy. The success of the ancient Egyptian civilization would not have been possible without the Nile River, it was their life line. The Egyptians depended on the Nile River for food and water. They ate fruit off the trees that lined its banks and the fish that swam in its waters. The depended on the flood every year that left behind rich, fertile silt perfect for planting. They grew cotton, beans, wheat and barley in the rich soil once the flood waters had receded. The farmers learned to dig short canals to and around their crops to provide a year round water supply. They figured out that if they planted their crops as soon…show more content…
It first started in 1848. The news of the gold found quickly spread and brought around 300,000 people to California. People from the United States and different parts of the world found their way to California in search of wealth. While most latched on to the idea of striking it rich in the gold mines, others capitalized in other ways. Bars, schools and churches were newly built. New roads and cities were developed around the mining spots. People sold mining tools, mining pants and chocolate at premium prices. Because California was so far from the agriculture producing states, it had to farm to feed it’s own. The farmers quickly farmed all the land that they could with grains and cattle. There was a high demand with the increased population. During the gold rush there was a need for new methods of transportation. Steamships were used regularly. By 1869, railroads connected California with the East
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