How Did The Nile River Affect Ancient Egypt

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The presence of the Nile River had a major influence on the people of Egypt. Egyptian farmers prayed everyday for the success of the yearly flooding of the Nile. This overflow of the Nile produced a repeating cycle which allowed farmers to plant, flood, and harvest their crops just in time for the next cycle to begin. After the floods recede, it leaves a thick bed of mud called silt. In this rich new soil, farmers could plant and harvest enormous quantities of wheat and barley, which also led to surpluses that allowed their villages to grow. Unfortunately, if the floodwaters were a few higher than usual, it would spread to mud brick villages nearby, destroying houses, granaries and previous seeds that farmers needed for planting. The Nile…show more content…
The most important of these Gods were Ra, the sun god, and Horus the god of light. In contrast of the Mesopotamians, with their grim view of death, Egyptians believed that they would be judged for their deeds in the afterlife. Osiris, god of death, compared the weight of the heart to a feather. If successful, the soul will live in a beautiful other world. Furthermore, Egyptians of all classes prepared for their afterlife. The preserved the corpse by using mummification, or embalming and drying the corpse to prevent it from decaying. After mummification closed, assistants would place scrolls containing hymns and prayers in the tomb, declaring the intention of the soul is worthy of eternal life. Furthermore, the pharaoh was believed to rule in the afterlife too. His Ka (eternal spirit) remained much as a living king with its needs and pleasures. Since kings were expected to reign forever, their tombs were even more important than their palaces. The resting place after death was an immense structure called a pyramid. All tombs and burial places of the Ancient Egyptians, including pyramids, are located on the West Bank of the Nile River. It is believed that Egyptians knew that the sun rose in the East, supposedly symbolizing birth, and set in the West, symbolizing death. Because of this, all Ancient Egyptians are buried on the West Bank of the

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