Eventually leading to the outbreak of the Civil war in 1861. This all began with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1847, providing new land in the south-western territories. However, the main problem was what to do with this new found land. Free Sollers and Northern Whigs heavily opposed the spread of slavery, but the southerners wanted more land for agriculture and increase their political power. Henry Clay’s proposition was accepted in 1850, however, this did not fix all issues.
It was assumed that Kansas would become a slave state because of its high potential for agriculture and its geographic location next to the slave state of Missouri. Anti-slavery efforts sought to recruit people to settle there in order to gain a majority and secure Kansas as a free state. These tensions escalated to violence between the two groups which came to be called “Bleeding Kansas”. Kansas helped reveal the issue of the expansion of slavery to people across the country and became a polarizing topic. Many American citizens in the North and the South were unhappy with the way that the government had handled the issue of Kansas.
It said that there is free states, the North, and there are slave states, the South. It also deled with territory issues. Texas became its own union and was called Republic of Texas. The North was all against the Fugitive Slave Act, they thought it was unfair and unjust. They did not like the idea of the slaves being treated as property.
New policies such as the Free Soil Appeal angered southerners because it limited the southern power in the federal government and sought to bar slavery in the new western territory. Slavery became very important in the south due to the expansion of farming lands plus an increase in the demand for cotton. This required the need for free labor or slave labor in order for the southerners to be able to afford such vast expansions. When considering all of the factors that caused the civil war Lincoln is only responsible for that cause in the event that he was elected President. There were many other causes that steered the country into a civil war including the fight between slave holding and non-slave states, the dispute between state versus federal rights, and economical and social differences between the two divisions none of which were Lincoln’s fault.
It would start with the Tariff of abominations, an then the North and the South would just come to hate each other hastily for their different views on slavery. A beginning problem was a tariff issue in 1832. It was a new tariff that South Carolina did not take kindly to. South Carolina thought that if a law or tariff in this case is passed that directly affects the state, which it did, that the state had the right to nullify such a bill. This was the first of many problems the states saw to realize this was the beginning of a bigger scheme of problems (Document A).
For many reasons, the South did not like what the constitution said. There were many conflicts with the compromise of 1850, map shown in (Document A) and the fugitive slave act. Certain northerners were so against slavery and the fugitive slave act that they even posted warnings for the slaves. Kidnappers were being sent after the slaves, and how Northern abolitionists were revolting against the South's rules and regulations this fugitive slave act also helped drive the tension deeper into the Un-United States. (Document C) A frees soiler did not want to spread slavery, but he is okay with keeping it in a state it is already in.
Their main reason for that was that the creation of new states would decrease their power in congress. The Louisiana Purchase was not the only time Jefferson adopted the ideas of federalists about loose construction of the constitution. After he was reelected, war soon broke out in Europe between English and French. British needed more manpower and financial aid for the war soon began impressing American sailors and stealing their cargo. This made trade between the United States and Europe unsafe.
Although President Polk’s message was ratified by the Senate and House, the United States reason for war wasn’t good enough for them go to war with Mexico. The U.S. was not justified for three reasons: There was a territorial dispute, the U.S. provoked the war, and it was used to expand slavery. My first reason why the U.S. was not justified is that there was a territorial dispute between America and Mexico on where the border was. According to Document Hook, General Zachary Taylor and his troops purposely moved across the known border into the disputed border, as if they were trying to get a reason to start a war with Mexico. According to Documents C and Background, Polk ordered the troops to enter the disputed area, and after they were attacked by the Mexicans, he used them to get America fired up and give them a reason to go to war.
William Seward was a leading anti-slavery figure who later became secretary of state in the Lincoln administration. He believed that the two systems held by the North and the South (free labour and slavery) were “incompatible”. He stated that eventually America would have to become either fully a free labour nation or a slaveholding nation. While not everyone felt so strongly about this in the North (many didn’t care about the slavery issue at all) it was a reason that soldiers and leaders on either side went to war and fought for (in the North to end it, in the South to defend it). Lincoln was of the opinion that while he would never accept the extension of slavery he would make no direct attempt to interfere with it where it existed.