World War II (1939-1945) led Australians to fight for their rights and freedom, and whilst the wars overseas were coming to an end, Aboriginal Australians were still denied basic rights and freedom, yet living in their own country. Although there were government policies that expressed that all Australians must be viewed alike in their attitudes and customs, aboriginal people were still discriminated in all levels. They were expected to assimilate and blend in with the new 'White' Australia. It was very difficult for the aboriginal people to blend into the British community, the reason being that both aboriginals and the British had not much in common, including: Cultures, values, way of living etc. In the other hand, there were also discrimination
They were relocated and forced to live in confined reservations. The Aborigines also lost a lot of their numbers to diseases that the British brought with them. After the ships arrived at shore the convicts marched up to a building where they got undressed, cleaned and inspected. Many of the convicts were then assigned work duties, which
Gama found the water route to asia C. Columbus - first to have the idea that if you sail to the west u arrive at the east 1.1484-- NObody gives him the money for his journey 2. Given the expedition by Spain 3. Sets up the first island in Americas a. discovered all the carribeans b. exploiting everyone 4. Amerigo Vespichi discovered a lot of N America -- the name comes from him II Conquistadors 1500 A. treay of trotilise-- the break up spain and portugal being able to only search one area ( Africa & The Americas)
Introduction: The treatment of indigenous Australians by the government has been an issue of contention since White Europeans settled in Australia. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia in the name of Great Britain and named it New South Wales. British colonization of Australia began in Sydney in 1788. In 1788 when the First Fleet arrived in Australia, an estimated 300,000 Aboriginals inhabited the country. What they did not take into account was that Indigenous Australians had been living on the country for many, many years before hand and had formed a deep and spiritual connection to the land, the land that the Europeans were clearing.
This decision leads to the second case of Mabo v. Queensland .The High Court decision in Mabo v. State of Queensland (1992) 107 ALR 1 overthrew the belief that Australia was terra nullius when the English occupied it in 1788. This High Court decision recognized that the Indigenous Australians had native title to their land. Then, The Native Title Act 1993 was enacted to give effect to the principles of the Mabo decision. The act provides a regime for determining whether native title exists over particular areas of lands or waters, for validating certain past acts
Aborigines could choose to stay where they were and fight the settlers, though soon it was obvious that spears were no match for the guns that had been brought over. The second option was to leave and risk encroaching on the land of other tribes and start fights. The final option was to stay and try to forget their Aboriginal ways and live alongside the British as one of them. Michael Connor mentions in his book "The invention of Terra Nullius" that Terra Nullius is in fact wrong and there never was the use of it when the British landed in Australia. Connor is very smug about his views of Terra Nullius and he believes there are mistakes that have been made throughout history that many historians are not aware of or choose to ignore.
This postcolonial idea is emphasised when the indigenous people are considered sub-human and among the wildlife (“Government of Western Australia, Fisheries, Forestry, wildlife and Aborigines”). This categorisation of the Aboriginal people by the British settlers highlights their inner belief that they are the superior race. In addition to this, the Europeans assumed that the Aboriginals were unclean and uncivilised human beings which is seen when Mr Neville states “I was a little concerned to see so many dirty little noses” and forces them out of their homes to Moore River as a result of a false scabies epidemic. The irony in this movement is that the majority of Aboriginals were healthy and, through the colonising power handed over to the settlers, they also reduced the rations of soap given to the Aboriginals. The first Australians were labelled savages, less than human, by the colonising British settlers who forcibly took over
Slave raids and even wars increased. A young man named Equiano was one of these very slaves. He thought “that he had got into a world of bad spirits, and that the whites were going to kill him.”(Equiano, 10) After the potential slaves were kidnapped, merchants forced them to walk in slave caravans to the European coastal forts. Which was sometimes as far as 1,000 miles. Locked up and poorly fed, only half the Africans survived these death marches.
The competition of the cheap labor that the prisons provided hurt the free miners economically. As a result, free miners broke into the prisons and released the inmates. Citizens in Alabama complained that leasing prisoners to private companies would demoralize the prison system. The concern was that the companies would make up bad reports about good workers to lengthen the sentence of the inmates (p.193). Because these contract agreements were subject to abuse, the federal government curbed the goods of prison labor being sold on the open market.
Well of course it is. These indigenous people stood in the way of the accomplishments of the white people who came here to make progress. They were not like the whites, they did not feel the need to own the land nor did they posses the same culture, and so they had to go. As Robert Jensen puts it, the leaders of our country justified this decision “by asserting that the non-white people being murdered were not fully human, or at least had no rights which the white man was bound to respect” (Jensen p. 33). Mary Crow Dog also writes about the intentional killing of her people this in her book, Lakota Woman.