The U.S Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system. As of 21st December 1956, black people rode the bus again. However, the ruling was unpopular with many white people in Montgomery and elsewhere. One of the leaders of the boycott, a young pastor named Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968), emerged as a prominent leader of the American civil rights movement in the wake of the action. Using the Law In 1947, President Truman told the Committee on Civil Rights that it was time to make sure civil rights laws were enforced.
There were a number of lawyers involved in this case but the two arguing lawyers were Robert L. Carter and Jack Greenberg. On Monday, May 17, 1954 the Supreme Court ruled on the case. They unanimously decided “that in the field of public education the doctrine of ‘separate but equal’ has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” This first step of the movement was groundbreaking. It not only set the stage to end discrimination in America but it gave hope to Black people all over the
Martin Luther King is a African American civil rights activist that uses numerous techniques of peaceful protest to imrove the human rights of African americans. In 1954, he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, where Rosa Parks was famously arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a bus. After Parks' arrest, King came to national prominence in the US. He was a leading figure in organising the boycott by African Americans of buses in Montgomery. Tutelage from Bayard Rustin, a prominent civil rights campaigner, helped King to commit to a principle of non-violent action heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's success in opposing the British in India.
The idea of using non-violence as a technique in the civil rights movement was the idea of Martin Luther King which branched from Ghandi’s belief of non-violence from the time he spent in India and his own Christian beliefs. A range of non-violent methods were used by the protestors. In 1955, the Montgomery Busy Boycott was the biggest protest to date and was the first major time that so many people had come together to overturn the Jim Crow laws. The Greensboro sit-ins were a series of non-violent protests in 1960 which led to the Woolworths department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in southern US as well as segregation in public areas being largely abandoned in Florida, Texas etc. The freedom rides were when civil rights activists rode interstate buses into the southern US in 1961 to test the supreme courts decision of ruling segregation on interstate transport illegal.
This was one of the first major steps in the civil rights movement. The Freedom Riders were a group of civil rights activists whose sole aim was to end racial segregation. It started in 1961 when student protestors rioted against racial segregation. Many rode on buses to segregated states in USA in order to test the laws of segregation. There were even white people who sat next to the black people in order to show their support that they were all equal.
How important was the Montgomery bus boycott in changing the civil rights of African-Americans? The Montgomery bus boycott was an event that started in the, 1st, December 1955, when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in a segregated bus to a white man, leading to the Montgomery bus boycott to occur. I think this event was the most important in changing the civil rights of African-Americans. However, other event like ‘little rock’ and the ‘sit-ins’ were also very important events in changing civil rights. I believe the Montgomery bus boycott was the most important event in the 1950s -1960s in changing the civil rights for African-Americans, because this event gained internationally attention.
It took a very charismatic and influential figure to organise this and keep it going for a whole year, as it was very inconvenient for black people at the time. However, even after the victory that came after the bus boycott, King would not settle. He set up the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. He also led a variety of campaigns, for example the marches on Washington and Birmingham. The speeches that King made were very emotive, and encouraged many white Americans to start supporting the campaign.
A young pastor – Martin Luther King Jr, organized the campaign. A string of African American arrests led to national publicity and Bus Boycotting beginning in other cities. In December 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that segregated buses were illegal. This achievement helped Martin Luther King become a national focus for African American action. In September 1957 9 African American students won the right to enrol at Little Rock Central High school.
“I Have a Dream” Rhetorical Analysis Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke his words of wisdom and truth at the Lincoln Memorial when he gave the “I Have a Dream” speech. The march on Washington, DC was the first ever, greatest demonstration for the freedom of Negros in the history of our great nation. As the for most civil rights activist ever known, King effectively spoke of the racial divide to black and white men and women alike. King poetically spoke of social and economic discord that affected each person on some tangible level regardless of his or her background. Martin Luther Kings’ speech emphasized, “Now is the time to make real the promise of democracy.” (King) Martin Luther King, Jr. used the Declaration of Independence to instill the confidence he had in furthering his cause.
The Civil Right Acts of 1964 and the Voting Right Acts are but two pieces of legislation which made sure that these Amendments were not being violated. Former president Lyndon Johnson enacted this two Acts on his first year of administration in the White House from 1964-1965. The first Federal Act that took place was the Civil Right Act of 1964 which prohibited United States citizens’ acts of segregation and discrimination towards African Americans in public places where all legal US citizens spend their leisure time outside the home. This federal act dismantle the Jim Crows racial segregation law, where it “sought