How accurate is it to say that peaceful protests were the most important reason for the improvement of civil rights of African Americans in the years 1945-1960? Although the peaceful protests in the years 1945-1960, such as the the Montgomery bus boycott, 1955-56, had a large influence on general public opinion of civil rights. However, the legal campaigns of the NAACP and other organisations had a bigger, more direct impact on the improvement of civil rights. It is accurate to say that the peaceful protests contributed to the improvement of civil rights, but were not the most important reason. Peaceful protests continuingly occurred in the years 1945-1960, but their effectiveness were limited and often did not make the striking impact they were designed to create.
How accurate is it to say that the status of black people in the United States changed very little in the years 1945 – 1955? It is very accurate to say that the status of black people in the United States changed very little in the years 1945 to 1955. Obviously some changes did occur but the main problem with them was that many of the changes that occurred were more changes in the law (de jure) rather than actual changes that would be put into practice (de facto). This was mainly due to the fact that Southern state governments, Southern judges and Southern police resisted change, and used their power to stop those changes being put into place. One of the major turning points in the status of black people happened in 1954 and was the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
One of the many factors which contribute to the changes in the divorce rate is adjustments made to the law. Amendments such as the 1969 divorce law reform act; which made the reasoning of ‘irretrievable breakdown of marriage’, a sole ground for divorce; whilst gradually leading to the instalment of the 1984 minimum divorce petition being reduced from three years to just one year. The modification of the law influences the change in the divorce rate because it gives unhappily married spouses the freedom to divorce more easily. However, the pervious factor does not explain why a large proportion of people chose to take advantage of this freedom. So an arguably more important reason as to why there has been a change in the divorce rate would be due to the declining stigma which society attaches to divorce.
This social change helped fortify Labour power and influence upon British politics. Another Social Change that was made, that is seen as a success for Labour, was the abolition of the Death Penalty 1967. Roy Jenkins refused to authorise the beating of prisoners and brought in ‘majority’ verdicts for English juries rather than demanding unanimity. Although this helped convict many dangerous criminals, hanging being abolished did not significantly reduce the number of murders or violent crimes. Failures Labour during these time frames had a few disappointments; most significantly the internal divisions that had
We know that in the past divorce was very hard to get as it was only legal for the men to file a divorce and was socially unacceptable. However over the years the government has been passing laws in order to make divorce easier and cheaper. In 1969, the Divorce Reform Act was introduced which made it much easier to get a divorce. Also the law that was passed in 1984; which allowed couples to only stay in a marriage for one year before filing a divorce, helped make divorce easier. Statistics have shown that due to these legal changes more women are filing divorces as 7/10 women have filed a divorce compared to men.
Progress towards racial equality was slow between 1945 and 1955 because when there was legal success, it wasn’t put into action in many states and when there was direct action from ordinary people it took a long time for laws to be put in place to correct the problem. In 1946, the Supreme Court declared segregation on buses that crossed state borders to be illegal. This was a huge step forward for the Civil Rights Movement however, this law still allowed buses within a single state to be segregated. This meant that although progress had been made with regards to interstate buses, white American’s managed to find a loop hole which they used to delay the movement. It is not until the end of the Montgomery Bus Boycott, ignited by Rosa Parks in 1955, that all buses are integrated.
For example, 50 years ago divorce was considered to be shameful and dishonourable, as you had failed to find a suitable partner. However since then, though divorce is still perceived to be a personal misfortune, is no longer a disgrace. The reason for this shift in social norms and values, particularly since the 1950’s is it is not as uncommon, due to new laws being introduced and changes to existing ones. The major change has been the introduction of the Divorce Reform Act. This act was established in 1969, and allowed the termination of a marriage to become much more customary and less of a dishonour.
Not only did this study state that the weapons banned were only used in a small percent of crimes even before the ban, but also "found no statistical evidence of post-ban decreases in either the number of victims per gun-homicide incident, the number of gunshot wounds per victim, or the proportion of gunshot victims with multiple wounds. "(Koper, Roth 67) So even if Congress bans these vaguely named assault weapons it will most likely be as ineffective as the last time they did so. Some take issue with the ban not because of its’ functionality problems, but because they feel it violates their rights as
There are even free abortions allowed to be carried out. The killing of a human being should not be free, it is something that is very wrong and people don’t even have to pay to do such things. It is hard to study if pro-life states are actually better than pro-choice states because in most cases the values of the states are different some have different views and some may be more religious which can change the perspective of the two. But either way, even in the states that has pro-life views and is not very religious the abortion rates and ratios are still better. Which provides support that pro-life had a very big impact on the decline of abortion in the 1990s.
The actual known hate crimes targeting gay men and lesbians is compromised because of the inclusion of sexual orientation as a category under the federal hate crimes law. What I don’t think people understand is that victims of such hate crimes suffer more physical trauma and psychological trauma than any other crimes. Sexual orientation continues to be excluded from many states, as I stated earlier. The U.S. Senate rejected the inclusion of sexual orientation in federal hate crime laws back in the late 1990’s even though hate crimes towards gays and lesbians were