(n.d.). MyhealtheVet. Retrieved August 1, 2014, from https://www.myhealth.va.gov/index.html Ojo, A., Shah, B. P., & Janowski, T. (2009). Strategic IT planning for public organizations: A toolkit. Retrieved December 8, 2011, from http://unu.edu/wpcontent/uploads/publication/000/001/370/report417.pdf Providers.
The Harlem Renaissance was a series of African-American thought and cultures in the African American society formed in Harlem, New York city. The period that the Renaissance occurred was between the years 1920 and 1940. According to Bolland, cultural mediums such as dance, music, literature, politics, poem and theatre were used to achieve the objectives of the African-American. Rather than using the previous direct political means in conveying their message (2009). African-American artists and writers used the cultural approach in achieving their civil rights and goals in the society.
2011). Through fiction, poetry, essays, music, theatre, sculpture, painting and illustration, participants in this first Black arts movement produced work that was both grounded in modernity and an engagement with African-American history, folk culture and memory. In the 1920s the African Americans culture arose and was viewed and accepted by many whites in America. Music was very important to society in this decade with Jazz music being the soundtrack of the decade. Jazz music was a combination of African American traditional styles (blues) with the ragtime beats.
Lewis on Suffering,” Jets 26/4 (December 1983): 443-451, accessed September 30, 2014, http://www.etsjets.org/files/JETS-PDFs/26/26-4/26-4-pp443-451_JETS.pdf. [ 14 ]. Timothy Keller, Walking with God through Pain and Suffering (New York, NY: Penguin Group, 2013), Kindle Location 219, Kindle. [ 15 ]. Ibid., Kindle Locations 1719-1722.
Other novels and autobiographies by McKay include Banjo (1929), Banana Bottom (1933); A Long Way from Home (1937), and Negro Metropolis (1940). McKay’s viewpoints and poetic achievement set the tone for the Harlem Renaissance and gained the deep respect of younger black poets, including Langston Hughes (Academy of American Poets). Another notable figure during the Harlem Renaissance was Countee Cullen. He was born in 1903 in Ney York City. In 1922, he entered New York University.
Several writers, including Hughes, Hurston, Larsen, and Toomer relied particularly on the rich folk tradition (oral culture, folktales, black dialect, jazz and blues composition) to create unique literary forms. Other writers, such as Cullen, McKay and Helene Johnson wrote within more conventional literary genres as a way to capture what they saw as the growing urbanity and sophistication of African Americans. The literature of the Harlem Renaissance, therefore, reflects the multiple ways that black experience in America was perceived and expressed in the first decades of the twentieth
He soon portrayed Harlem street life in paintings that became commentaries on the role of African Americans in United States society with highly developed themes of resistance and social opposition. That same year, Lawrence began his most celebrated series, The Migration of the American Negro, multiple tempera panels depicting the exodus of African American sharecroppers in the south to northern industrial cities in search of better employment and social opportunities. Edith Halpert exhibited the works in their
We can say that the Harlem Renaissance was born to make music a global expansion of artists and writers to influence their origins. And Langston Hughes was a example of it that proved by his poems and lyrics about the slavery era and the pain of African Americans without mentioning any whites in his words because he was speaking to the universe by giving a message to God, why this happened and the suffrage on the African-Americans. Overall, Hughes’s work is still shown today in millions of artist’s lyrics style of writing and in poetic gospels in Churches. Jazz and Blues play still a big role in the American music industry these days and is identified by his accomplishments