How Did Kant Define Enlightenment?

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Enlightenment, as a historical period, was marked by many intellectual changes and liberal views concerning science and philosophy. At this time, Kant writes the essay "What is Enlightenment", in which he explained his own regards about the philosophical changes and moral obligations of humanity. These ideas were fundamental for the history of philosophy and exposed a clear reference to Rousseau's previous work, who was also a thinker from the Enlightenment period and whose concepts were correlated to Kant's. Kant's text starts with a concise answer to the "What is Enlightenment?" question: "Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed nonage. [...] 'Have the courage to use your own understanding," is therefore the motto of the enlightenment.". By that, Kant is saying that anyone can reach enlightenment naturally, i.e., can develop his own critical thinking about the world and that being enlightened needs virtue, it is a matter of courage. Kant proceeds, however, saying that being enlightened implies also in moral obligation. He argues at one point of his text, "to renounce such enlightenment completely, whether for his own person or even more so for later generations, means violating and trampling underfoot the sacred rights of mankind". The reasons for this intellectual and moral immaturity are, for Kant, laziness and cowardice. He writes, ironically: "it is all too easy for others to set themselves up as their guardians. It is so convenient to be immature! [...] I need not think, so long as I can pay; others will soon enough take the tiresome job over for me.". Kant is, hence, proposing that elements like the lack of the mentioned virtues and the authority figures prostrate themselves in front of the immature man, preventing him to consolidate his liberty of logical thinking and his freedom, and consequently keeping him away from making the better for
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