As a ruler, Adolf Hitler of the Nazi party had numerous successes but he also had he fair share of failures. At the beginning of World War II, Hitler was seen as a savior to the German nation because of his oratory skills, appeal to the people and his successes. One of his first successes came when he fulfilled his promises to the German people and reversed the Treaty of Versailles. After the death of Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler was seen as the successor. The German public saw Hitler as god-like with his vast power and glorifying the German race as being the “master race.” When he finally reversed the power of the Treaty of Versailles and rebuilt Germany’s armed forces, the German nation basically did as he told them to do.
One example of Communist aggression by North Korea, was the act of actually invading South Korea unprovoked which subsequently prompted the reaction from the United Nations and the US in particular. Another example of aggression from these two Communist nations, was the armament of North Korea, which was aided considerably by Stalin who supported North Korea as they had mutual Communist beliefs. In February of 1950, Stalin provided equipment for an additional 60,000 North Korean troops, more tanks and other forms of assistance; this was a clear case of Communist aggression. A third case of Communist aggression was after the North Koreans occupied the South, they carried out the brutal slaughtering of approximately 26,000 civilians between July and September 1950. Communist aggression was the most important reason because without the original assault by North Korea there would’ve been no war, merely suspicion on the US’ part regarding Stalin and other Communist nations’ activities.
'Popular Support For Hitler Was the Most Important Reason Why he Became Chancellor In January 1993' How Far do You Agree With This Statement? Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933, I believe that it the statement is partially true, Hitler was a clever man and with the aid of Joseph Goebbels he released many campaigns and propaganda throughout Germany spreading the Nazi's message and image getting people to vote for them. Not only that but with the Nazi's policies which some of them were aimed at particular groups like the nationalists or old age citizens, this too gained support. However it wasn't just popular support which got Hitler into power, the two previous chancellors in the Reichstag who were voted off helped as Hindenburg had no option but to make Hitler into the new Chancellor. My first point is how Goebbels used propaganda to aid Hitler.
Hitler became leader of Germany because he was leader of the most popular party’ How far do you agree with this statement? By 1933 Hitler had consolidated full power over Germany, it can be argued that the main reason he was able to achieve this power was purely down to the fact that he was the leader of the most popular party. However it seems to be clear that there are other factors, which resulted in Hitler becoming leader in Germany, such as the collapse of the Weimar constitution, the effects of the Great depression and the political actions of people such as Von Papen and Schleicher. Some may argue that Hitler had become such a powerful leader due to the popularity of the Nazi party. Anti – democratic figures had seen the Nazi party as potential allies to provide popular support for an authoritarian regime.
The Matteoti crisis put Mussolini in a very powerful position with a great excuse to keep the opposition out of parliament. Other factors such as the acerbo laws, legge fascitisme, control of the squadristi/ras and the role of the king. The actions of the elites and the Catholic Church contributed greatly to giving Mussolini the opportunity to gain dictatorial powers. The elites are a group in Italian society who had a lot of money and therefore power. For years under the liberal government the elites had benefited from the system of trasformismo.
The support from the catholic church and the traditional elites was a very important reason that Mussolini was able to consolidate his power in 1922-1924 because both of these groups of people had a very large influence on the people of Italy at the time. However, I think that the actions of the current king; Victor Emmanuel III, was a far greater reason for Mussolini’s success because he was the only one who could’ve thrown Mussolini out of power but he didn’t. Unless he did something, Mussolini’s opponent’s options were very limited. The Catholic Church and the Elites were very important for Mussolini to establish a dictatorship. To gain power, Mussolini had to gain support from as many people as he could, he realised that people listened, and followed the church.
Comparison between Hitler and Stalin Similarities: • Both were very skilled at using propaganda • Both were amoral • Both wanted to restore power to their countries Hitler and Stalin each used propaganda as their tool to further their ideas and help them gain the backing of the people in their countries. The form of propaganda that Hitler used, and was successful in using, was his words. Hitler made many speeches, but the one speech that was a famous one, was his final speech at his trial for treason. Stalin was also an avid speech maker and won many supporters from his speeches. Another form of propaganda that they used was through photographs.
Mussolini used changes in the law to strengthen his grip on Government in Italy. In December the Fascist Grand Council was created.This council was given a lot of power over the government in Italy such as; the power to elect fascist party deputies, the power to elect the heir to the throne and successor of the prime minister. This therefore secured the fascists hold over government, even if Mussolini resigned or was voted out. The black shirts were made into an official militia, giving Mussolini more power to control the streets and therefore the people. The Civil Service of Italy, which ran the country’s affairs, was gradually filled with fascists so there was no obstruction to Mussolini’s policies.
Hitler then went onto changing the name of the party from the German Workers Party to the National Socialist German Workers Party but it was commonly known as the Nazi Party. There were many other leaders as well as Hitler that were important in helping organise important tasks and responsibilities of the Nazi Party: Josef Goebbels: Goebbels was a brilliant public speaker and a skilled master of propaganda. He joined the Nazi’s in 1922 and was put in charge of the party newspaper, the Volkische Frehiet. He became one of Hitler’s most important and powerful supporters. Ernst Roehm: Ernst Roehm was a captain
Stalin was the pole barer at the funeral and said the main speech setting himself as the person who would carry on Lenin’s work. He had major influence over the party and was becoming more popular with the people of Russia he was closer one more step closer to succeeding in this power struggle. Thirdly Zinoviev and Kamenev urged the committee to not read out Lenin’s Will, if read out it would end