they bring the sword of salvation to the New world C Encomiendas System - Basically be servants for columbus 1. couldn't leave anywhere 2. also be converted 3. within 50 yrs the pop is almost eradicated 4. Had a labor shortage a. taped into the portaguese area to work in the area. b. crossed the instance of Panama and sees the vast new ocean -- Balboa . see how the new world isn't asia 5. Magellum -- traveled down south America to discover the globe a. killed in the phillipines b. expedition continues across the pacific c. only one ship comes back survives out of the 5 d.traveled acoss the entire globe D. Cortez-- 1.1519- est a trading port 2.
APWH Ch 14: Empires and Encounters Responses Margin Review Questions 1. What enabled Europeans to carve out huge empires an ocean away from their homelands? • Europeans were much closer to the Americas than were their potential Asian competitors. • Europeans were powerfully motivated after 1200 to gain access to the world of Eurasian commerce. • Groups within European society—including competing monarchs, merchants, impoverished nobles and commoners, Christian missionaries, and persecuted minorities—all had strong, if different, motivations for participating in empire building.
African Imperialism During the late 19th and 20th century, the Europeans such as the Britain’s were trying to take over more land from the Africans to expand their borders. In doing so they also grew its economy and cultures. Since Africa wasn’t modernized or politically secure at the time it was much easier for Europe to take over their land. This made it possible for the Europeans to be able to produce crops. Then soon enough different nations from Europe started to take over most of Africa.
Christopher Columbus had believed that he could sail to East Asia by sailing west (American Civ to 1914, 8). He wanted to take this voyage because he thought it would be much shorter than having to sail around the southern tip of Africa. He had convinced Queen Isabella to fund his westward voyage. In 1492 his first voyage he had a fleet of 3 ships along with 90 men. They set sail in August and 10 weeks later they had landed on an
After these failed attempts, seeing how power was in numbers, Many London merchants, soldiers, and country men came together and organized a trading company and then were granted a charter by King James as The Virginia Company of London, on April 10, 1606. Thus in 1607 the local natives witnessed, to their surprise, a band of over one hundred white men come ashore to stay and settle a fort on the island to protect from a sea invasion of spain and an aboriginal invasion of the indians. At last the English had settled a colony in the new world. The next chapter brings the Native Americans into the picture a little more and set the time period back a few decades. Before the settlement of Jamestown in 1607, a spanish Admiral named Pedro Melendez de Aviles, sailed to the new worlds in the spring of 1561.
Few historians at work today know the age of sail better. Virtues on display here - eloquence, empathy, erudition - is characteristic. His previous books dealt with social history of commercial sailors, the Golden Age of piracy and revolutionary politics in Atlantic port cities. In each of these books, Rediker presents the growth of commercial capitalism in late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, as a turning point in the creation of the modern world and in transforming the workplace. Enhancing exchange networks Atlantic sparked into life growing merchant marine, whose work has made developing economies to go, although they benefited little from the new economy and suffered from his works.
Arguably if Pope Alexander had not been as kind in his papal bull or if there had been more central control and power in the New World then the Spanish empire might not have had such an impact for the Amerindian populations. However due to lack of forward planning and thinking South America was ravaged in a matter of years. A fine example was the destruction of the Aztec empire where due to lack of military equipment for defence against Spanish troops, what took centuries to become an astonishing empire and civilisation disappeared in a matter of weeks. All that is left of any significance is the historical site of Machu Picchu. One thriving and prosperous cultures were now driven into the ground, poor, undernourished and maltreated.
The Columbus’ voyage in 1492 convinced Spain that it could dominate the New World. The first Spanish explorers, such as Cortes and Balboa, were satisfied with their findings in Central America. However, Ponce de Leon, the governor of Puerto Rico, set his sights on expanding the new Spanish empire to northern America. He sailed to Florida, but was killed by natives in 1521. After several other failed Spanish attempts to colonize North America, Hernan de Soto finally arrived in 1539 with a
A SHORT HISTORY OF THE USA By Tim Lambert PART ONE COLONIAL AMERICA THE FIRST COLONIES IN NORTH AMERICA The first Europeans to establish colonies in North America were the Spanish. In 1526 a Spaniard called Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon attempted to found a colony in Carolina. (He also brought the first black slaves to North America). However the attempt failed. Many Spaniards died of disease and the survivors abandoned the colony.
Between 1492 and 1750, Europe was in the process of becoming more centralized, as their monarchy became stronger. Voyages to the new world began to take place and have an impact upon European society. However, these expeditions did not impact the Native Americans very well since they were enslaved and forced to give up their territory. However, these new expeditions took place in other places than America as well. Voyages were sent along the West African coast and helped make a stronger economy for Europe due to more trading opportunities with Africa.