ESSAY- Explain how the delian league transformed into the Athenian empire- Plan- intro growing Athenian power in the delian league campaigns to Persia revolts Oath of Challis- combined military and legal system building program no conclusion- Initially there was much goodwill and support towards Athens as she offered hope of liberation from Persia to the cities of Ionia and protection for the islands. However this goodwill declined. After the defeat of Persia at the battle of Eurymedon River, the fear of Persia receded. This made Athens increasingly domineering policies appear imperialistic in intent. The Athenian ownership of the Delos treasury, suppression of revolts as well as the challis decree marks the transformation of the delian league into the Athenian empire.
- What are the main differences between Spartan and Athenian society? - Know the differences between a monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and direct democracy - What was the impact of the Persian wars on Greek society? - What are they key features of an Athenian democracy? (How does it compare to the Roman idea of a republic?) - What was the Socratic method?
Examine the relationship between the Greeks and the Persians. How influential were the Persian Wars on later Greek history? 15. Examine Greek exploration and colonization. What do these actions say about the Greek economic, social, and intellectual worlds?
Xerxes dealt with the Revolts; Revolts in the Empire; Egypt: - Before the death of Darius, the Satrap of Egypt rose in revolt o Protest against the heavy taxes imposed by the Persians o It was believed that Darius increased taxation to fund his expedition into Greece and Building program – Cook - Xerxes inherited the revolt with the death of Darius o Xerxes dissipated the revolt with relative ease o There is a common misconception regarding Xerxes treatment of the Egyptian’s, mainly due to the probable biased recounts of Herodotus. o Herodotus exhibits a colourful interpretation of Xerxes angrily venting his wrath upon the Egyptians and abandoning the tolerant policy of his predecessors. This questionable account of Xerxes efforts in Egypt conflicts with Grangers modern interpretation of Ancient Persia in An Assessment of Xerxes Reign. o Administration aimed to maximize economic return for the imperial coffers o The view that Xerxes treated Egypt harshly after the rebellion is not tenable. o Instead, Xerxes took Pharaonic titles and donated to temples o Kharga Oasis illustrates the imperial government’s desire to extend agricultural production and to keep firm control over revenue raised from renting watercourses - Due to the misconceptions of ancient historians, such as; Herodotus, there is an element of uncertainty surrounding Xerxes retaliations of the Egyptian Revolt.
Rough Copy In 1775, the American Revolutionary War began, as the American Colonies wanted to achieve independence from the British Monarchy. Even though many reasons were sighted out for the revolution, one in particular sticks out. King George III outlawed the interest free independent currency the thirteen colonies were producing and using themselves. This in turn forced the colonies to borrow money from the Central Bank of England, which put the colonies into immediate debt. The Federal Reserve Bank was alleged to be a step towards the “One World Government”, simply by manipulating the international monetary system and the media in order to create a monopoly.
The involvement of Athens and Eretria in the Ionian revolt according to Ehrenberg “put Athens into the center of the unfolding story of the Persian wars”. Herodotus agrees, stating that the dispatch of the ships from Athens and Eretria was “the beginning of the evil for both Greeks and barbarians.” The conflict brought about strong feelings from Athens toward Persia that were carried into future battles. Herodotus records that “the whole episode was probably most important for the later attitudes which it engendered.” The Greeks were motivated into defending their land from the Persians after seeing the fate of the Greeks in Ionia. They knew that if they were conquered according to Ehrenberg that “the freedom of the Greek states would be lost.” Public support in Athens against Persia was gained due to the fate of Miletus. Many Athenians felt that more help should have been provided to protect the cities destruction.
Athenians had been in previous wars and as time progressed it was clear that Athens had to be rebuilt, as the reconstruction process proceeded the Athenian empire began to dominate their allies politically and economically. The Athenians started the Delian League which provided funds for Athens to build up its navy which allowed them to gain power. Meanwhile Sparta, who was a military leader of the Greek world, made their own treaties that reached out to the Peloponnesian with the exception of Argos and Achaea.Both
In his commentary of Xenophon’s ‘Hellenica’, George Carkwell argues that Sparta originally lost her power from 394 BC, after the naval victory of the Persian and Greek fleet. The combined Persian and Greek fleet was under the command of the Athenian Conon and Pharnabazus. They defeated the Spartan navy led by Pisander. Following this significant defeat, Spartan ‘harmosts’ were expelled through the Aegean and this led to the Lacedaemonian maritime empire being virtually
Yes, he protected his people, only to expect payment from them in the form of taxes, gifts and tributes. The pacification of the people caused them to work harder in order to expand the Persian empire, and for Darius to eventually convince himself that he was the supreme ruler of the world. The labor of the subjects of the empire was exploited on a large scale through taxation, forced labor, and mandatory military service. The king exercised absolute authority, and rebellions were discouraged through a system of spies known as the “eyes and ears of the king.” Rather than envying the Persians for enjoying hundreds of years of peace, the Greeks pitied the subjects of the Persian