But Germans blamed it for signing the Versailles treaty and for hunger and unemployment. Hitler set up a fascist style party called the Nazi party. Hitler wanted to tear up the Versailles treaty and unite all Germans so they could form a great German empire. He blamed the Jews and the communists for Germany’s troubles and wanted to destroy them. When the Great Depression 1929 forced many factories to close, desperate Germans voted for the Nazi party.
‘Hitler was able to establish a dictatorship because he banned other political parties.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer. ‘Hitler was able to establish a
To what extent can Nazism in power be seen as totalitarianism in the period 1933-1939? Totalitarianism is often defined as a system of government where the state controls all aspects of life, individuals are subordinated to the state and any parties of differing opinion are suppressed, a description that fits the rule of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1939 perfectly. During Hitler’s rule, he embedded all these totalitarian characteristics as evident with the many features and atrocities of his reign like Terror and Repression through events like the Night of Long Knives, Policies that gave him complete control of all aspects of German lifestyle and Propaganda used to ensure people were subordinated to his totalitarian regime. Hitler ensured he would be an unchallenged dictator with no effective opposition in order to maintain power by eliminating enemies through acts of atrocity or through force through Terror and Repression, most notably the Night Of Long Knives. The aim of Night of Long Knives was to eliminate all who Hitler perceived as a threat to Germany and his cause like leaders of the SA and other ‘enemies’ like communists and Jews.
The Gestapo had the power to arrest and imprison people without trial and torture. They tried to find anyone who disliked the Nazis, they even got children to report their parents if they said anything bad about the Nazis. They used a lot of media to control Germany including films, radio, newspapers, mass rallies, books, theatre and music. All films had to show Nazis in a good way and their enemies in a bad way. Newspapers
Nazism was a revolution, and revolutions tend to devour their own.” The words of Robert Smith Thompson (2003, 141) have just described the crisis that was facing the Weimar Republic in the years 1933-1939. Adolf Hitler had risen to power and the 14 year old democratic republic was about to be eradicated in favour of something more sinister. Totalitarianism can be described as relating to a form of government that permits no rival loyalties or parties, demanding entire subservience of the individual to the state (the Concise Oxford dictionary). A totalitarian state’s ideologies reject existing societies as corrupt, immoral and beyond reform. They demand total conformity of all the people and their ideas and information is displayed through effective use of propaganda (TV, radio, press and education.)
In Nazi Germany the police were allowed to arrest anyone they suspected to be a threat to the party and anyone who openly opposed Nazi in public would be tortured, even to death. The SS largely helped Hitler to eliminate political rivals and was loyal till his death compared to the army and without such support, Hitler would face serious political challenges and lose much public support. The propaganda also played an important role in helping Hitler advertising his political ideology and ideas. The Nazi propaganda department was led by Joseph Goebbels, a Ph.D. in philosophy. Radio, newspapers, magazines, books, theatre, films, music and art were all supervised.
This ulitmately potrays the brutality of the Nazis, which effectively contributed to their consolidation of power. After to the Reichstag fire on the 27th of February, the police were given the powers to detain suspects for an indifinate period without reference to the courts. This allowed the Nazi’s to justify the arrest, imprisonment and often torture
The Impact of Hitler’s Rise to Power on Germany When examining whether or not Hitler was successful … it is important to bear in mind the following objectives Hitler aimed to achieve while in power: 1. Restoration of Germany as the leading country of Europe 2. Ensuring the racial purity of the German nation 3. Establishment of complete Nazi control over the state |POLITICAL |SOCIAL |ECONOMIC | |Democracy in Germany was Destroyed |The German People had Little Freedom |Three Main Economic Aims: | | | |To reduce unemployment | |Hitler used his power as Chancellor to |Fear: |To build up the German weapons industry | |wipe out democracy as he felt it was an |Emergency Laws were passed which suspended |To achieve economic self-sufficiency | |obstacle to restoring Germany’s greatness|political and civil rights. People could be |(autarky) | | |arrested on suspicion of anti-government | | |In order to allow the Nazis to gain full |activities and held indefinitely in prison.
The Nazis were a political party in Germany at the time of the Second World War, and they were ruled by a man named Adolf Hitler. Hitler believed that the Great World War was the result of Jews and that they lost the war because of the Jews. Hitler wanted to get rid of anyone who was Jew; this resulted in an event called the Holocaust. The Holocaust was a very unique event. It evolved around 1933 and 1945.
Totalitarianism from Total Domination In the essay “Total Domination,” written by Hannah Arendt; she discusses Nazism in the form totalitarianism as “True Terror”. If not for the survivors of the cruel brutality of totalitarian states, it would almost be impossible to believe it ever happened. What is Totalitarianism? Totalitarianism is a form of government in our political system, which gives absolute power to one ruler (dictator) who cannot be restricted by any type of constitution or law. The rise of totalitarianism governments started before WWII, but after the Great Depression when fascism became an ideology of society.