The church said that the only way you could get time out of purgatory or save a family member from purgatory was to buy indulgences this means that the monks will pray for you and your family. This was criticised by the Protestants because they argued that purgatory was not mentioned in the bible and that Rome was shaping religion to benefit them. Also the influence of European Protestants helped influence the change in England, this is proven by the protestant stronghold that was located in south east England this is because of the influence from the German and Dutch traders who would come to England and share their views also in the south the people were generally more educated so they were able to relate to the information and find faults in catholism. Henry V111 religious convictions are also a reason to why the church changed from catholism to Protestantism, one religious conviction was the First act of Annates in 1532 this banned payment of annates to Rome. It also threatened that bishops could be consecrated
How far do sources 1, 2 and 3 suggest that the early 16th century church exploited the faith of its followers to increase its own wealth? We know that in the early 16th century, around the time of the reformation of the church in England, much had been said about the state in which the church was in. Many opponents, such as Simon Fish, the writer of source 1, would state that the church was riddled with corruption and in a state of collapse. However, the Catholic Church still played a vital role in the life of most everyday people. Source 1, would strongly support the statement, as it aggressively attacks the church and its actions.
This Theses was addressed to Pope Leo X, who was building St Peter’s. Luther was angered about this and made his opinion in the Theses that if the pope could open the doors of purgatory for people who paid, why could he not open them for all people.Luther published other scriptures against the sale of indulgences, his letter to Albrecht of Mainz and the explanation of the 95 Theses. His initial writings were catalysts in the course of the reformation, it was Luther’s anger and bravery that began the Reformation. Luther continued to publish impactful works, in 1520 he released To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, where Luther outlined the doctrine of the Priesthood of all believers and denied the authority of the Pope to interpret, or confirm interpretation of the Bible, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church, and On the Freedom of a Christian. These publications all became influential as they were able to spread around Germany through the German printing press and were allowing people to form their own opinions of the church rather than being told by the church what to believe.
In the early 16th century, the Protestant Reformation divided the unity of the Roman Catholic Church. The Reformation movement began in Germany led by Martin Luther. His speeches and writings were passed on all over Europe with the help of the printing press. It started in response to the rising sense of corruption in the church. For instance, “the sale of indulgences for the benefit of the church of Rome specifically for the rebuilding of St. Peters Cathedral provoked harsh criticism, especially by those who saw the luxuries of the papacy as a betrayal of apostolic ideals ” (Fiero 119).
Entwistle (2010) describes five models for integration: Enemies, Spies, Colonists, Neutral Parties, and Allies. Enemies believe, that faith and reason cannot be in agreement. Christian combatants believe that the Bible is the one truth while secular combatants believe science is the one truth. Spies do not accept the tenets of Christianity but see activities such as prayer or forgiveness as useful to the secular world. Colonists are religious advocates who engage the scientific community in an effort to convert others to their way of life.
The Lutheran Princes felt it necessary to create the Protestant Union and in retaliation the Catholics formed to Catholic League. They agreed that neither of them should make a religious or territorial move. Protestant Churches were closed my Ferdinand of Styria, which caused the first outbreak of violence in 1617. Europe began to struggle through inflation. This was because the war had been fought on German soil, causing them to lose money in agriculture; also the trade routes had shifted.
* In 18th century, most of scientists still believed in the God who created the universe; however, they no longer believed in a personified God who actively involved in human life. * In 19th century, the conflict became the primary tone because the Creationism was severely shaken by the Cell theory, the Evolutionism, and the Law of Energy Conservation. * From 20th century to recent time, “Conflict, Independence, Dialogue and Integration”. Relationship in and after 20th century (“Fourfold Typology” mode) * Conflict: the traditional conflict has basically ended because of the developments of Catholic doctrines. The traditional conflict was replaced by a balance between Catholicism and natural science.
In the middle of the 18th century the American colonies experienced two major revivals that had lasting effects on the country regarding religion, government and society. The First Great Awakening was a Christian revitalization movement that swept first European countries and then, in the 1730s and 1740s, the colonies in America. Church leaders, such as Jonathan Edwards or George Whitefield, got concerned that the colonists lost their religious zeal and preached in a dramatic and emotional style, attracting a large following. The new faiths that emerged were much more democratic in their approach and they lessened the hold of the Anglican Church which was later applied to a political field. Through the Awakening, the Colonists realized that religious power resided in their own hands, rather than in the hands of the Church, or any other authority.
The New England colonies, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland were conceived and established as "holy experiments" by the puritans. This group of English Protestants, whose only wish was to "purify" the Church of England, began to receive savage punishment from England for their religious beliefs. In turn, driven by religion, thousands of the religious zealots immigrated to New England to worship God in the way that they saw fit. However, although the Puritans did leave England, running from there own religious persecution, once they had established themselves they self-righteously employed the
With the passing of time, many question if religion is still a relavant institution in the modern world. Indeed, in the age of science, many religions have lost their central role in the lives of people. At times, conflicts have even arisen due to the "irrelevance" of religion. Darwin, in his pursuit of science, was forced by the church to cease his support of the theory of evolution which tries to explain how all organisms evolved from simplistic ancestors over time. Inter-religious conflicts dominate the headlines and casts doubts on the positive role of religion.