How Did Catherine De Medici Rise To Power

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Caterina Maria Romula de Medici was born on April 13, 1519. Lorenzo II de Medici, Duke of Urbino,*[1] died six days after her birth from syphilis and tuberculosis. Her mother, Madeleine de La Tour d’Auvergne, the daughter of a royal princess, passed away of complications 15 days after her birth. Orphaned, but quite valuable due to her royal blood and inheritance, Catherine was a central figure for control of the papacy and the throne. The Medici’s through careful marriage matches and taking control of the financial banking[2], rose to power as papal bankers after the Black Plague in 1348-49.[3] Catherine’s Uncle, Pope Leo was a skilled tactician and knew she had a role to play in the future of France. Seeing to her safety and education, Pope…show more content…
Catherine was blamed for the excessive persecutions carried out under her sons' rule. She may not have been a principle in the plot but there is no doubt that she was aware of the plans for the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre of 1572. After Charles died in 1574, Catherine played a key role in the reign of her third son, Henry III and last Valois heir. He dispensed with her advice only in the last months of her life. Overall, her authority was always limited, either by others, the effects of the civil wars or finances. Her policies were ineffective and although she appeared a moderate in religious matters, it was only to avoid costly war. Catherine schemed along with the best of them and fought desperately to keep Valois dynasty on the throne at all costs.[18] She also was noted for her spectacular patronage of the arts which was viewed as an attempt to maintain and glorify a monarchy whose time had come and past. It is important in closing to note that without Catherine due to her tenacity that her sons remained in power. She was blessed with good health that few of her family seemed to inherit. Living just over 69 years, her incredible constitution allowed her to be present during this historic time in France. Historians have called the years in which her sons reigned "the age of Catherine de' Medici". [19] BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Frieda, Leonie. Catherine de Medici, Renaissance Queen of France. New York: Harper Collins, 2003 2. Catherine de Medici, & St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre 3. Catherine de Medici, 4. Knecht, R. J. Catherine de' Medici. London and New York: Longman,
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