The Bill of Rights (1791) sets out the freedoms that all American citizens should enjoy. This however did not mean every person living in the USA. There was a long history of slavery in America. Slavery was the foundation of the civil war between the South (slave states) and the North (free states) of America. President Lincoln, led the northern states, declared freedom for all slaves in his 1862 Emancipation Proclamation.
The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 by Lincoln started the abolition of slavery, when the Civil War ended in 1865, all Blacks were free in the South. The Civil War was about ending slavery in the South, in which White Southerners were not ready to conclude. The Freedmen’s Bureau was called upon to establish law and order for free Blacks during the era called Reconstruction with the anticipation of southern White resistance. How did Jim Crow laws come about, how were they sustained in the segregated south?
In the south the Union wanted slavery and in the North they were against slavery. Before the Civil War the United States had many acts to protect slavery. They stopped the slave trade and importation of slaves under military order. Right after the civil war the 13th amendment was passed, many changes were made. The amendment gave African Americans more rights, even though it gave them more rights they had a lot of other issues.
Did Slavery Cause the Civil War? The claim of historians that the civil war in America was an outcome of slavery is true, as it was the issue of abolition of slavery that was considered not acceptable by Southern states of the country, as their major plantation and trade was there because of African slaves. According to the people of the South, North was trying to eliminate slavery with unjustified reasons. The Southerners regarded the Northerners as their enemies because, they thought that the government of North was interested in subjugating Southern States by ending slavery and by given equal rights to the slaves. There were eleven States of America that were slave states, as they held slaves in a large ratio; they named themselves as “Confederates of America” while the other side was named as “The Union” (Valley of the shadow).
That was the disagreement. The Radical Republicans won. The Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to everyone born in the United States prohibiting states from denying or abiding the privileges or immunities of the citizens of the U.S., depriving any person of his life, liberty, or property without the due process. Tennessee, refused to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment. However once the Republicans passed the Reconstruction Act of 1867, Which set the conditions the Southern States had to accept before being readmitted to the union, including ratification of the 14th Amendment (Wormser,
The purpose for reconstruction was to put the union back together and free the slaves once an for all. The reconstruction set three goals, and failed to achieve them, as well as emphasizing the profiund effect it had on the South, and entire race. In the South the Reconstruction period was a time of readjustment accompanied by disorder. The first and main goal of the Radicals was to punish the South. President andrew Johnson supported certain laws and had a better chance succeeding with ones such as,"Black codes which regulated the freedom of blacks and used the law to force blacks back to the
Even though slavery supplied “constant and reliable labor," the peculiar institution caused political parties to divide the country on different ideas about slavery. Southerners were disappointed with the victory of the Republican Party, which seemed to threaten southern slave owners. The different ideas about slavery led to the secession of southern states. Southerners thought of secession as an opportunity to develop their own government that would allow slavery in all states in the now Confederate States of America. As the seceding states left, they attempted to seize federal forts within their borders, notably Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina.
The union came back together under one President Abraham Lincoln. Congress came together and made up a plan to bring everyone together. They started by giving rights and ending slavery. The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were unsuccessful in giving African Americans the basic rights. Outlaw slavery in the United States.
This changed after the Civil War, giving women their right to speak up and become more like men. The role of many women had change from a homemaker to being able to provide for the family by either getting a job. In addition, they were starting to be allowed to have a voice. Not only were they allowed to go out and start getting jobs, but the right to vote was also starting to come out. Without the changing role of women, things that we have in everyday life as American’s could possibly not exist.
The North first fought to preserve the broken Union, but as the war progressed, President Abraham Lincoln decided to add an additional cause. He drafted the final version of the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, freeing the black population from the bonds of slavery in the rebelling Confederate states. On December 6, 1865, the same year the Civil War ended, the newly passed 13th amendment made slavery illegal everywhere in the United States. With the end of the Civil War marked the ruin of Southern economy. Many questions arose asking how the South, which was physically and socially devastated by the war, would be rebuilt, and how the liberated blacks would cope with their recently gained freedom.