Examine the Patterns of and reasons for, Domestic Violence in society. (24 marks) Domestic Violence is defined by the Women’s Aid federation (2008) as; Physical, mental, sexual, or financial Violence, that takes place within an intimate or family type relationship and forms a pattern of coercive and controlling behaviour. It may involve partners, ex-partners, household members or relatives. A common view of Domestic Violence is that it caused by psychological effects, rather than social effects, but sociologists have challenged this view. It is thought that it is the behaviour of a few ‘sick’ or disturbed individuals, but in actual fact Domestic Violence is far too widespread to be the work of just a few individuals.
Another sign may be that a client will flinch when a certain carer goes near them. Sexual Abuse Sexual abuse can also be referred to as molestation, and is the forcing of undesired sexual behaviour by one person upon another. It can take several different forms including: Being touched in an intimate area when you do not want to be. Being made to touch others in intimate areas when you do not want to. Having any type of sex when you don’t want to.
Domestic violence refers to a pattern of violent and coercive behavior exercised by one adult over another in an intimate relationship. It may consist of repeated, severe beatings or more subtle forms of abuse, including threats and control. (Unknown, 2005). According to C.J. Newton’s article “Domestic Violence: An Overview: The rates of domestic violence vary along several lines, including race, gender, economic and educational status and geographical location.
Bruising in unusual sites e.g. inner arms, thighs. Abrasions, teeth indentations, injuries to head or face, Client very passive. Sexual abuse: Direct or indirect involvement of a vulnerable adult in sexual activity which they are unwilling or unable to give informed consent or which they do not fully comprehend. Including rape and sexual assault or sexual acts to which the vulnerable adult has not consented, or could consent, or was pressured into consenting.
Evaluate the effectiveness of the law in protecting victims of domestic violence? The issue of domestic violence has been a long standing and complex issue.Recent estimates suggest that close to 1.8 million Australians have been victims of domestic violence. Domestic violence involves violence between family members: married or de facto couples and/or their children. Domestic violence is not restricted to physical assault but also includes sexual abuse, emotional or psychological abuse, verbal abuse, stalking and intimidation.There have been many laws which have assisted in protecting victims of domestic violence but there has been growing social concerns in the effectiveness of these laws.There have been several cases in which women who have been subject to extreme and consistent domestic violence over extended periods have finally killed their spouses, such as R v. Heather Osland 1996 (VIC) and R v. Kina 1993 (Qld). The complex of psychological adaptations that lead women to do this is known as ‘battered woman’s syndrome’ – and may be used as evidence to assist a defence or self-defence or provocation.
When sexual contact is non-con-sensual, it is an abuse. It can happen to men and women of any age that is both old and young. It can include sexual penetration of any part of the body with a penis, finger or any object, sexual exploitation, making threats about sexual activities, exposure to pornographic material, touching of breast or genitals, kissing, etc. Activities such as showing pornographic material, forcing the person to watch sex acts or forcing the person to undress are also considered sexual abuse. The signs and symptoms of sexual abuse in the elderly can be bruises around breasts or genitals, genital infections, unexplained vaginal or anal bleeding, torn, stained, disturbed sleep patterns, vulnerable adult appears withdrawn and fearful, inappropriate dressing, etc... 3.Emotional Abuse is where one person gains power and control over another through words and gestures which gradually under-mine the other’s self-respect...Emotional abuse can be name-calling, blaming, screaming, making threats,
In the "old days", the mother would have not hesitated to take the child to the restroom and give her a good spanking to straighten her out. These days parents have to worry about someone turning them into the authorities claiming child abuse. Whether or not to spank is a major issue in today's society. Many psychologists and
The abuser uses other tactics of control such as sexual abuse, verbal intimidation and threats, mockery, and humiliation, stalking, monitoring the victim’s activities, and controlling their access to money, education, and jobs. Emotional withdrawal, threats of abandonment, and threats to harm or take away children are also powerful tactics of coercion and control. Intimate partner violence is often characterized as a type of archetypical abnormal behavioral function. Love is
Mental illnesses also maybe a reason. Psychiatric disorders are sometimes associated with domestic violence like borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, drug abuse, alcohol abuse, among others. Social theories of domestic violence looks at the external factors in the offenders environment, such as family structure, stress, social learning & includes rational choice theories. The social learning theory could be a reason for domestic violence. The social learning theory(slt) believes that all behavior is learnt form experience(nurture) but we also learn through observation.
Some forms of abuse are used more in the elder years then younger years due to different circumstances. For example neglect in care home or domestic abuse in the home. Types of abuse experienced by adults • Physical • Sexual • Emotional • Psychological • Neglect • Exploitation • Bullying • Domestic abuse • Institutional abuse • Discrimination Sexual Abuse Sexual assault/abuse is a statutory offense that provides that it is a crime to knowingly cause another person to engage in an unwanted sexual act by force or threat. With sexual abuse it is important to know if the victim said no. If the victim did not say no or fight against what actions were taken against them then in a sense they have consented to the actions taken on them.