An example of people going in one direction verses the other is when boys and girls join a street gain, or scouts. Each group will learn different attitudes and behaviors that are acceptable to that certain group. Deciding which group to go with at a certain age is not the only way people learn to either conform or deviate. family, friends, neighborhoods, and subcultures also play a factor in which path people choose. Many studies have shown that families that are involved in crime tend to set their children on a law breaking path.
For instance, many games involve children helping their character to kill, kick, stab and shoot. This may lead to increased aggressive feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. In order to minimize these negative impacts, parents need to take certain steps. Firstly, some video games are rated according their content, so parents must check this and ensure their children are not allowed to have access to games that are unsuitable. Parents can also set limits on the length of time games are played.
Evolutions of the Criminal Theory and its Consequences The theory of Social Bonding comes from Travis Hirschi, an American criminologist who is known for his role in delinquency from juveniles. The theory in social bonding places its results on family issues however studies have shown these results from living in bad environments. As children grow up in our daily lives, we need to socialize with them and teach them the moral side of a human being. When children are not properly socialized with, seem to behave obnoxiously (i.e. hitting, kicking, biting, steal, scream) whenever they react to a mood change.
Along with the lifestyle up bring that a juvenile is surrounded by, the neighborhood and the company they keep can lead them down the path of destruction. “Conformity to peer group behavior and pressure may promote deviance. This is particularly likely among young people, where peer pressure may encourage them to adopt forms of deviant behavior (such as truancy and underage drinking) (Explanations for Patterns of Crime, n.d., p. 2). Because of the peer pressure that most teenagers face, committing these acts is a way to gain social
Children learn for themselves whether and when certain behaviours are worth repeating by witnessing the consequences of actions carried out by others. If aggressive behaviour produced rewards, the child will then associate that behaviour as acceptable in similar situations and repeat it. Similarly if a child has been successful in using aggression, this will also encourage the behaviour to be repeated. Evidence of this can be seen in the Bandura and Walters experiment which found that children in Group 1 who saw aggressive behaviour rewarded, later imitated the same behaviour yet those in Group 2 who had seen it be punished did not. It would appear as if the children in group 2 had not learnt the aggressive behaviour as it was not imitated which would challenge the idea that we learn through observation.
1b: Describe the social learning theory of aggression The social learning theory of aggression aims to explain how behaviour can be explained not just by our own direct experiences but through observations of the experiences of other people (learning through observation, imitation and modelling). This theory is a behaviourist approach created by Albert Bandura who aimed to explain how children imitated aggressive behaviour or acts. SLT takes into account the thought process of an individual- unlike operant and classical conditioning. Bandura argued that children imitate aggressive acts through four processes; the first of process is attention where the model is being observed rather then just present. The second being retention where the observer must remember what they have seen or learnt.
However, the language and form of punishment used to rehabilitate and punish children differs greatly from that used in adult courts (Siegel, 2009). The juvenile court system serves two major functions; keeping juvenile offenders away from the society and rehabilitating or correcting them. Correction helps to hold juveniles accountable to their action by helping them to realize the wrong they have done. In addition, correction facilities help to educating, and imparting social skills among juvenile offenders. Through the correction function of juvenile court system, young offenders are influenced to realize their potential by helping them to build acceptable vocational and interpersonal skills.
Most children imitate what they see a person do or say so if someone is doing something bad they will most likely copy that as well. Observational learning, social learning theory focuses on behavior modeling, in which the child observes and then imitates the behavior of adults or other children around him or her (Wiesner, Capaldi, Patterson,2003, p.318). Social learning is one cause of juvenile delinquent behavior because; juveniles who are easily persuaded are most likely to imitate everything they can see. A good example is the violence that is portrayed on television it can have a huge negative impact on the behavior of some children. The next reason why juveniles commit delinquent acts is child abuse.
You can help the child avoid those types of situations. Also providing them strategies to handle those situations will help control their behavior. Using the four goals of psychology will help a child that is emotional disturbed or having behavioral problems have more successful opportunities in school and throughout their life. Another example of how the goals of psychology can make a difference is with repeating criminals. Describing their behavior and what type of crimes they are committing may offer insight and understanding on why they do what they do.
Is rationale to assume that parental and family risk factors played a vital part in the life of a criminal, because they are a product of their surroundings. Understanding the mental process of a criminal behavior can assist on identify the problems such as antisocial behaviors. It identifies the individuals with their parents and other family members of the family. Taking a look at the parents and siblings will give researcher a different spectrum that can or may not voucher for the actions of the criminal, it brings all the issues about their past to surface. Parental and family risk factors effects and shapes the individual into the person that they are today.