Although foreign policy was significant in creating discontent between the Crown and Parliament, there were also other factors to consider. For example, Charles implementing the forced loan and the Three Resolutions, after Buckingham’s death. Buckingham’s initial french policy of sending British troops to fight against the Huguenots who were Protestants brought unease among the MPs as they feared that Buckingham was supporting the Roman Catholic french Royals. So to gain popularity, Buckingham decided to help the Huguenots and led a naval expedition at La Rochelle in 1627. This was a disaster and Buckingham had to retreat his troops without even aiding the Huguenots, which made him become the most despised man in England as he was seen responsible for the military failures.
Britain started to tax the colonies to help pay for the expenses, and the colonists did not like it. Many colonists talked to each other about how wicked Britain has become. Richard Lee’s letter to Arthur Lee represented many colonists thoughts when Richard wrote about how Britain is ruining the colonists and the colonists need to unite overthrow Britain’s authority. (Document C) Other colonists thought that being ruled by tyrant a couple thousand miles away in Britain was ludicrous. (Document D) Colonists became increasingly angry at Britain and finally decide to revolt.
In this speech he talks about the violence in Longton he says, "I warned all who had been part of it that they were not the friends, but the enemies of freedom. I told them that this strike for the Charter would bring ruin, if those who claimed to be its supports broke on law". From this source we can see that he believes the violence undermined the Chartist cause. He states that if the people involved in the violence admitted to being Chartists then they would essentially just been seen as a bunch of hooligans which is evidently not the image the Chartists were going for when they needed to be taken seriously amongst a cabinet completely full of middle to upper class Ministers. Thomas Cooper clearly believed that any violence would undermine the cause.
This led to overcrowded towns and cities resulting in poor working and living conditions. The workers had poor wages with long hours and forced overtime. They grew increasingly dissatisfied with the Tsarist regime, in which the nobility all lived a life of grandeur, and did nothing to share their wealth with the common people. The social unrest led the workers to seek alternatives; in order to find a body that was willing to share the power with the populace. These populist beliefs brought about two major revolutionary groups: the socialist revolutionaries and the social democrats.
It had also loss a large portion of the working population, which meant it would be near impossible for their economy to get going again, especially when they had been forced to pay reoperations of 6000 million. There was no way they would be able to pay that much money especially seeing as also 16% of their coal and just under half of their iron and steel industries had been seized, this meant paying the money would prove an even bigger challenge. Also Germany would have to take full responsibility for the war as “war guilt”, most Germans felt truly appalled by this because they weren’t the only ones to start the war, they believed they hadn’t started the war so shouldn’t have to deal with war guilt. Most Germans didn’t even believe they had lost the war because they had seen no enemy troops; this made them angry at their leaders who seemed to have sold them out for an easy surrender. The final blow was their army was to be reduced to 100 thousand soldiers, this worried Germany and its leaders because they felt vulnerable to attack and knew they could do nothing to defend its self which such a small force.
In the early nineteenth century only men with above a certain amount of wealth or land were able to vote, and people, especially the working class concluded that this wasn’t fair and started to in a sense, rise up, and join the charter movement which is tracked back to eighteenth-century radicals. Let’s look at more specific economic reasons that led to the charter being formed. Firstly, industrial and agricultural workers were still facing harsh conditions in their workplaces, mainly low wages, periods of low unemployment and high prices. This led to a country felt resentment of the widening gap between the rich and the poor, and the sense of not being able to change anything through mainstream parliamentary politics, which was of course at this time dominated by upper classes. This leads on to another cause that led to the Chartism movement, the disappointment of the 1832 Reform Act.
The Old Poor Law of 1834 was reformed because it could not cope due to the large numbers of people claiming poor relief. This was due to population rise, commercialisation of farming which left people with no jobs, decline of agricultural crafts, harvest failures, food shortages due to war, higher food prices and change in attitude to claiming social welfare as there was no stigma attached to being poor anymore. This led to different measures such as the introduction of the Speenhamland system of 1795. Having investigated the reasons for the reformation of the Poor Law, we will now focus on the reasons that led to the reform. There were six main reasons that led to the old Poor Law Reform to easily pass which were: a willing government, Tories were a minority, Climate change, objectors were not listened to, and a Report based on evidence collected by the commission of enquiry.
People wanted to raise the taxes on raw food and many people didn't like that so the Tariff of Abominations was created. "Nullies" in South Carolina Know: Nullies, Henry Clay, Tariff of 1833, Force Bill 7. Describe the nullification crisis. South Carolina was still mad about the taxes put on them so they wanted to make it so they wouldnt have to pay the taxes. The Trail of Tears Know: Cherokees, Five Civilized Tribes, Indian Removal Act, Trail of Tears, Indian Territory, The Bureau of Indian Affairs, Seminoles 8.
You are a farmer, same as I, and so must feel my pain. Too many of us have been put in jail and robbed of our land to pay for these unjust taxes. Taxes that have gone to pay for a war we scarcely survived and were not paid for. The structure of government under the Articles of Confederation has proven to be defective and Inadequate and we are a proof of that. Because of their inability to pay off their debts , they have taxed us heavily.
The American colonists started to get angry with British. Britain had finally won the French and Indian War, which protected the colonies, so the British thought that the Colonists should shoulder the burden of the debt that the war put England in. The British imposed the Stamp Act on the Colonies, taxing every stamp the Colonies put on official print, in order to try to get out of their debt. Samuel Adams protested that the Stamp Act was taxation without representation. Samuel Adams was one of the first revolutionaries (men who wanted to and did start the revolution).