How a Bill Becomes Law Essay

714 WordsSep 4, 20123 Pages
A bill as described by (1997) is a “proposed statue presented to a legislature, but not yet enacted or passed and made law.” The general process on how a bill is made into law is laid out in the Constitution. (2008-2012) explains, “Creating legislation is what the business of Congress is all about. Ideas for laws come from many places — ordinary citizens, the president, offices of the executive branch, state legislatures and governors, congressional staff, and of course the members of Congress themselves.” These ideas go through constitutional provisions that create obstacles in order for a bill to become law. Before a bill becomes a law it must pass through both houses of Congress and be signed by the current President of the United States. A bill can be introduced at any time during a congressional session however; it must be passed in the same session. Congressional sessions are a period of one year. If the bill has not been passed during the same congressional session in which it was introduced, it is dropped. Once a bill is dropped it can only be reintroduced by going through the entire process again. (2008-2012) states that, “Not surprisingly, less than 10% of proposed bills actually become laws.” Before a bill is even considered to become law it must pass through three stages in each house; committee consideration, floor debate and conference committee. After being assigned to a committee or subcommittee during committee consideration, if the bill is considered it is marked-up or revised until the committee has determined it is ready for the floor. A floor debate is only held in the House. It is here where the bill goes to a special committee that sets rules and guidelines to set a time limit on debates and to make amendments permissible. (2008-2012) states that, “Both houses require a quorum

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