Over the course this study we will break down the different effects and try to figure out why our nation has increased prison inmates fourfold. One of the main phrases that is commonly used for the association of reintegration back into the free world is recidivism. Recidivism is the behavior that occurs when an ex-prisoner breaks the law again. There are many other problems and effects that lead to this behavior, some of the issues that they may go through are finding employment, reintegration, psychological effects and the effects of being institutionalized. One of the problems the prisoners face coming out of prison is finding employment.
One of the effects of criminal justice system is cases are often dismiss or pleas are bargained for which is due to lack of evidence against defendants, less-serious offenders are put on probation where they are incarcerated only upon violation of probation or committing another crime. During the criminal justice funnel process the offender may have to wait month or even years for a hearing during this time
The IT Department introduced the innovation to the commissioner’s court for voting and as an effort to reduce cost to taxpayers. AIS unbeneficial acts from the beginning were causing chaos in the jail releases for offenders and other glitches and disruptions in the courts. The IT Department is still trying to repair some glitches behind the scenes and Dallas County is still overcoming the impact of the labor and technical support costs (Krause,
Donna King (Smart Justice) described her experience in jail as “Each prison sentence I went through, my crimes got bigger. I started to learn new things about crime.” While the criminal is in prison they cannot commit crimes, however, when released a large number (44% of Victorian prisoners) reoffend, are caught, and jailed again. Society needs to accept that for the vast majority of criminals, there is no magic wand that can be waved to make them see the error of their ways and lead a crime-free life. They are unable - and do not want - to hold down a regular job; they see crime as a way of life, a source of
They are often just held in check, with the threat of going back to prison and stiffer sentences, rather than an overseen, rehabilitation program that provides them with the tools to succeed in their community. This is a natural response to the overwhelming caseload that is put on parole officers, who are finding it hard to keep up with the growing number of inmates on parole. This problem arose from the change in how inmates were determined eligible for parole. For the most part, many states still use parole boards, but their use for discretionary releases has changed dramatically. Today most inmates are eligible for parole through mandatory parole as opposed to discretionary parole.
Unfortunately, it is very common for prisoners to have lost everything when they have been released for example their family, friends, job and their housing. Other prisoners may be good role models for prisoners who are finding it hard to fit into the lifestyle of being in prison. There are certain schemes that prisoners can go through to try and fit into the lifestyle of a prisoner, I will be talking about this later in this report. To have a positive relationship with friends and family is extremely important in a custody environment. Prisoners are able to have visits, but visits are supervised by staff and this could be stressful for prisoners and also visitors.
I do believe we should not coddle them with taxpayer treatment programs that a lot of them enter and exit repeatedly. But, on the other hand, if those treatment centers do offer some sort of success, then it a good thing to offer them in hopes of the offenders not depending on drugs and having to commit crimes to get those drugs thus reducing crime, the courts, jails, and prison population. Drug treatment programs are less expensive than prisons and more effective at helping people turn their lives around. Many of the programs available to inmates are provided by organizations like AA and NA, which send volunteers into the prisons. Most of the volunteers are previous offenders who have changed their lives and now want to help other change their life.
These types of clients need a different type of program or plan from a case manager. They need to develop skill to deal with what has happened in their lives to bring them to their current state in that moment in time. Within the corrections, it is believed that all need the assistance. All inmates or clients in this type of setting have wound up here in some sort of manner that needs to be evaluated and corrected. The idea behind corrections facilities is to take a criminal and rehabilitate them so that they may reenter society a better person and as one that may become a contributor to society instead of taking from society.
REHABILITATION VERSES INCARCERATION Rehabilitation should be viewed as more key than incarceration itself. People who are convicted of crimes should be allowed to heal and better themselves. Many of those people have serious addictions and issues that need to be addressed. In jail however, those issues will only worsen or fester. When the prisoner is released, they may be very angry about the lack of attention they recieved, and become a repeat offender.
The likelihood of a prisoners return to the prison system depends on his/her ability to prosper outside of prison, research by the Federal Bureau of Prisons shows that education programs increased a former inmates chances for success in the work force; “ex-prisoners who participated in employment and vocational education programs in prison had a better chance of maintaining employment and earning slightly more money than similar ex-prisoners who had not participated” (Vacca 2004). In 1991 researcher David Clark proved that education during incarceration causes an inmate’s recidivism rates to decrease significantly, making them less likely to return to prison after being released. Clark studied twenty-one different prison education programs and determined that only 26.4% of