Hospitals and Healthcare Management

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Worksheet #6 Please submit with correct spelling and grammar Chapter 8 1. Which main factor was responsible for transforming almshouses into hospitals when medical services became available? Elaborate your answers by giving some examples. Answer In the early nineteenth century, and for more than a century to come, most Americans gave birth and endured illness and even surgery at home. They belonged to a largely rural society, and few among them would ever have occasion to visit a hospital. Hospitals in the United States emerged from institutions, notably almshouse, that was provided care and custody for the ailing poor. Rooted in this tradition of charity, the public hospital traces its ancestry to the development of cities and community efforts to shelter and care for the chronically ill, deprived, and disabled. A six-bed ward founded in 1736 in the New York City Almshouse became, over the course of a century and more, Bellevue Hospital. The predecessor of Charity Hospital in New Orleans opened its doors the same year. Today’s Regional Medical Center in Memphis, the oldest hospital in Tennessee, was founded in 1829. Similar origins exist for other public hospitals—places where the “care of strangers” grew from modest origins into multifaceted municipal institutions. First Hospital Ambulance, Bellevue Hospital Center, NY, 1869 2. What is a medical system? Provide some examples of services such systems deliver. Answer In urban areas, medical systems have formed. These systems are large organizations that may include more than one hospital to serve a large geographical area. They also provide a full array of health care services, including outpatient clinic, same day surgery, outpatient imaging services, and hospice care. Women healthcare centers, fitness centers, health education centers are the examples. 3. Discuss the expansion of

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