Horneye Outline (Theroies of Personality Book) Not Mine!

1894 WordsJan 29, 20148 Pages
1st part Horney: Psychoanalytic Social Theory 1. What is the basic assumption of Karen Horney’s Psychoanalytic Social Theory? * Social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping personality. * People who do not have their needs for love and affection satisfied during childhood develop basic hostility toward their parents and, as a consequence, suffer from basic anxiety. 2. What was the impact of culture on our development? * Competitiveness and the basic hostility it spawns result in feelings of isolation. * Many people see love and affection as the solution for all their problems. * Provide intrapsychic conflicts that threaten the psychological health of normal people and provide nearly insurmountable obstacles for neurotics. 3. What was the hypothesis of horney regarding childhood experiences * Horney (1939) hypothesized that a difficult childhood is primarily responsible for neurotic needs. * “Later attitudes to others, then, are not repetitions of infantile ones but emanate from the character structure, the basis of which is laid in childhood” 4. Explain the four general ways in which people protect themselves from being alone in a hostile world. * The first is affection, a strategy that does not always lead to authentic love. In their search for affection, some people may try to purchase love with self-effacing compliance, material goods, or sexual favors. * The second protective device is submissiveness. Neurotics may submit themselves either to people or to institutions such as an organization or a religion. Neurotics who submit to another person often do so in order to gain affection. * Neurotics may also try to protect themselves by striving for power, prestige, or possession. Power is a defense against the real or imagined hostility of others and

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