Despite starting on opposite sides of the political spectrum, the proposed statement that President Herbert Hoover was a conservative and President Franklin D Roosevelt was a liberal is largely accurate; evident in their policies toward dealing with the Great Depression. Herbert Hoover won the presidential election in 1928, right before the beginning of the Great Depression. Contrary to the conservative policies Hoover enforced during his presidency; Hoover’s campaign was largely focused on his more liberal ideologies, such as avoiding a laissez faire economic system and regulating business (Doc A). Hoover’s initial liberal agenda appealed to the public and helped him win in 1928. However, when the stock market crashed in 1929, President Hoover was faced with the challenges of helping the United States recover from a severe economic depression.
Jess Seng Mr.Nassida AP History 15 April 2012 Liberal or Conservative Liberals and Conservatives have some really unique qualities to them. Liberals tend to lean more towards Patriot ideals such as the rejection of nobility and organized religion, as well as the right to life, liberty, and property. Conservatives, like the Tories, believed there should be minimal, gradual change in the country and they supported monarchies. FDR and Hoover might not show signs of all these things, but the main ideas of each still linger in today’s political parties. The idea that Hoover was a Conservative and FDR a Liberal are in fact completely correct.
Domestic Policies ! Roosevelt: As a progressive president, Roosevelt designed his domestic policy to fight against corruption and big industries so that the common man would recieve assistance. One of his implemented policies was the Square Deal which was targeted to improve the standard of living and extend control over large corporations and trusts. The ‘busting’ of the Standard Oil trusts was one of Roosevelt’s famous break ups of Northern Securities. !
Roosevelt was particularly concerned about the power of the trusts. His idea was to give the United States the best of both worlds. He wanted to allow businessmen enough freedom of action to make their firms efficient and prosperous, but at the same time to prevent them from taking unfair advantage of other people. In 1913 Woodrow Wilson, the candidate of the Democratic Party, became President. Wilson, too, supported the Progressive movement.
Tory party supporters were aristocrats who felt Lord Liverpool the Prime Minister had a duty to protect them, their interests and to save them from the radical threat. In 1815 Lord Liverpool introduced a law called ‘The Corn Law’ however it is hard to justify in the first place why Lord Liverpool introduced this law as he was a strong believer in laissez-faire – minimum government intervention in economic matters. Nevertheless he still introduced this law. The basic outline of The Corn Law was that it guaranteed protection for wheat prices for the agricultural or landowning interest from foreign imports of grain. To the government the whole reason of the law was to guarantee land owners profits of which they had became accustomed to during the war.
The act also emplaced the Tariff of 1922. Intended to simply protect the American market, the tariff ended up completely barring the country from European goods. Harding was an advocate of big business, and passed different acts in support of big business. Mellon enacted several Revenue Acts, which lowered taxes on businesses and put them under less government regulation. This support for big business caused an expansion in the overall consumerism of the country.
The central issue he argued was government protection of human welfare and property rights, but he also argued that human welfare was more important than property rights. He insisted that only a powerful federal government could regulate the economy and guarantee social justice, and that a President can only succeed in making his economic agenda successful if he makes the protection of human welfare his highest priority. Roosevelt believed that the concentration in industry was a natural part of the economy. He wanted executive agencies (not the courts) to regulate business. The federal government should be used to protect the laboring men, women and children from exploitation.
To conclude, President Johnson set the stage for a period of immense federal reform and a shared sense of equality for the American people – a pinnacle of liberalism. Although his decisions caused a rift with the conservatives of the time as they extended the reach of government and expanded its role in tending to the wellbeing of its citizens, he ultimately managed to successfully move the nation forward towards a better
Eisenhower, a Modern Republic Axia University of Phoenix 08/2010 Eisenhower, a Modern Republican Eisenhower used pragmatic political measures to manage the economy. Eisenhower was considered a Modern Republican because of his consensus measures in politics. Even though Eisenhower was elected from the Republican Party he accepted views, ideas, and solutions from all different aspects and political parties. Eisenhower was conservative with government spending and had a very liberal approach with programs to accommodate the people. While many of his approaches were successful farm policies by Eisenhower faltered.
“I pledge you, I pledge myself, a new deal for the American people.” Roosevelt’s goal was to preserve capitalism. The New Deal alleviated the financial burden of many and provided jobs through several programs. The programs also worked on railroads, forests, and improved the living standards in America. New Deal programs increased federal government regulation without altering the existing capitalist system or the distribution of wealth (657 Norton).” Such programs included the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933 which attempted to stabilize prices and wages but the Supreme Court annulled the NRA of 1935 as too much US government power. The Agriculture Adjustment Act “established a national system of crop controls which offered subsidies to farmers who agreed to limit production of specific crops (Norton