Homework Essay

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Lifestyle or Medication? By Jennifer Gomez HCA/240- Health&Diseases: Understanding PATHOS OF PATHOLOGY(AXIA) Instructor: MONIQUE WILLIAMS 2 GERD, Also know as gastroesophageal reflux disease, this when the acid in your stomach splashes back (Reflux) into the esophagus. GERD can lead to esophagitis. The reason that the acid in ones stomach splashes back into the esophagus is because the cardiac sphincter is not working. Risk factors for GERD include old age,obesity, and pregnancy. Treatment includes a nonirritating diet, antacids, and acid-reducing medications. Frequent, small meals are recommended. The most painful of the symptoms of GERD occur at night. So patients are recommended to sleep elevated and avoid eating 2 to 3 hours before going to bed. Also to be avoided is alcohol because it is a irritant to the inflamed mucosal lining. Symptoms of GERD are the following; nausea after eating, burning pain in the chest and the feeling that food may be left trapped behind the breastbone. The less common symptoms are; cough or wheezing , difficulty swallowing, hiccups, hoarseness or change in voice, regurgitation of food and sore throat. Here are a few lifestyle changes that need to happen to prevent and manage GERD. Don't go to bed with a full stomach, Don't overeat, Eat Slowly. Avoid heartburn triggers, like food that have a high acid content. A real good way to find out which foods causes your heartburn, make a heartburn diary. Write down the different foods that causes you to have heartburn. So you know which foods to avoid. Also if one is overweight one should lose the weight. That also should help control your heartburn symptoms. Some of these changes can be difficult as I know from experience is hard to really get motivated to get up and lose that weight. To eat right and small meals if you feel food is comfort food or

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