Homework 1.1 Essay

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• Why are standards and protocols needed within the network industry? So that all programs follow the same format. • How did specific standards and protocols evolve for each standard setting body? Most standards are voluntary in the sense that they are What are standards and protocols? A standard is an agreed-upon way of doing something or measuring something. Protocols are rules governing communication between devices or applications, and the creation or manipulation of any logical or communicative artifacts concomitant with such communication. • offered for adoption by people or industry without being mandated in law. Some standards become mandatory when they are adopted by regulators as legal requirements in particular domains. • How does the evolved standards and protocols impact technology? It helps companies create software and devices work together therefore making it easier for advancement with new technologies. • What are the policies that dictate mandatory and, if appropriate, optional use of standards and protocols? FTP and FLS • ISOC- an international nonprofit organization that handles Internet standards, education and policy development. • IETF- is the body that defines standard Internet operating protocols such as TCP/IP. • IESG- A body composed of the Internet Engineering Task Force Area Directors and the IETF Chair. • IAB- Founded in 1983 as the Internet Activities Board, it is a volunteer organization that provides architectural. • IANA- (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, www.iana.org) An operating unit of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) that maintains the top-level domain, IP address and protocol number databases. • ISO- An organization, the International Organization for Standardization, that sets standards in many businesses and technologies, including computing and communications. • ITU-T- for

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