Due to the underlying problems in the public school system, many parents have opted to skip out on public education and are now choosing to home school their children in order to better suit the needs of the individual child. Rivero (2008) references the US Department of Education, defining homeschooling as:
Homeschooled children may be taught by one or both parents, by tutors who come into the home, or through virtual school programs conducted over the Internet. Some parents prepare their own material and design their own programs of study, while others use materials produced by companies specializing in homeschool resources. Accountability for homeschooling is coordinated with the state in which the family resides. (p.10)
Homeschooling, which dates back decades before there was a public school system, has been looked down upon by many. The goal of most homeschooling parents today is to show others that they are in no way “odd,” but want what’s best for their children. What is now referred to as the “Home School Movement,” truly began the growth of the homeschooling trend (Lines, 1991, p. 11). It has now transformed into a global phenomenon that includes over 2 million children (Ray, 2009, Research Facts on Homeschooling). The government has made homeschooling laws meticulous over the years so that they know that the children are learning at the correct levels. As shown in the chart below from the Homeschool Legal Defense Association (2010) shows the severity of regulations in each of the 50 states, starting at little to no notice and going to the highest level of regulations (p.1).
http://www.hslda.org/img/maps/USRegulatoryMap.gif(click on map for details) | LEGENDACTIONACTIONStates requiring no notice: No state requirement for parents to initiate any contact.ACTIONWATCHStates with low regulation: State requires parental notification only.ACTIONUPDATEStates with moderate regulation: State requires parents to send notification, test scores,...