Homelessness In America Essay

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Homelessness has been a major problem in America even though it is the richest country in the world. New Jersey is one of the richest states in the country and it has a significant homeless problem. Historically there has always been homeless people in America. There began a cultural shift when America transformed itself from a rural agrarian lifestyle to an urban metropolis where industry and technology became the central focus of its booming economy. The simultaneous emergence of the suburbs where the middle class and affluent would live and the inner city where the proletariat and poor would dwell created a dichotomy that promoted increased homelessness. The suburbs were not affordable to some people and as social conditions eroded so did housing situations for urban dwellers. When the homeless population began to grow beyond the drunk, the mentally ill, the released criminal, orphans and widows during the great depression there emerged federal legislation called the New Deal. The New Deal created social security for the elderly and established the Federal Housing Administration which later became the Housing Urban Development Department. Public Works projects were started to get people back to work improving the infrastructure of America. These policies laid a foundation for the federal government to take action to address poverty and thereby homelessness too. | Homelessness is a serious problem in our society. Every night in our nation thousands of people are on the streets. This type of | |behavior is considered deviant because it does not reflect the norms and values of our society. In many cases the homeless people in our | |country are treated as total outcasts. Many of these people have severe mental disorders. Some are victims of an economy that has failed | |them. One may ask how such harsh situations exist in such an advanced society.

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