Playing and learning in children’s education E1/A In (appendices 1), the Nursery World article written by Fisher. J (2012) talks about how the role of the practitioner should plan for a balance between adult –led learning and child –led learning. This means that the adult needs to observe children closely to see how they are developing. When the practitioner stands back during child-led play, they can gain lots of information about a child, how they use their environments and resources. This helps to meet their learning needs if the practitioner then uses this information to plan the next steps.
Play promotes curiosity, discovery, and problem solving, which helps develop a positive self image for the individual child. I think children should be able to be themselves, not a constructed version of themselves and not who adults think they should be. They should be able to find out who they are at a young age, play helps that. During play, children discover. They use their imagination and are able to see an object as something else; like using blocks for play food, or hands for telephones.
C8- Analyse the importance of play in children’s learning, giving reasons why play should be included in planning. It is important to include play in a child’s learning and experience, this is because it enables them to explore and learn new things independently and through a way in which they understand. From play they are able to express their feelings and thoughts on the subject through interpreting the situation, events, or experience they’ve seen. It’s a good way of allowing children their own space to make choices of what, when, and who they play with, giving them many opportunities to build on relationships which is a good aspect in enhancing their communication skills and ability to work with others and co-operate efficiently. Play is a ‘’free flow’’ experience which enables a child to progress at their own pace.
Level 5 Diploma in Leadership for the Children and Young Peoples Workforce-Early Years (Management/Advanced Practice) Unit 136 136.2,7 Through adult-led activities we can introduce children to new ideas, provide opportunities for them to develop their skills and ensure that they experience all six areas of learning in the EYFS. During adult-led activities we are in control of the teaching we are providing. However, what we cannot have any control over is what young children are learning from these activities. This is why it is important to balance adult-led activities with time and opportunity for children to explore their own ideas, play with resources and use their imagination and creativity. Through doing this and practising the skills that they have learned the children will be able to take ownership of their learning and be able to apply it in different situations.
E1 One of the practitioner’s roles in meeting children’s learning needs could be to understand and work with other practitioners and staff. This can help to provide different learning opportunities to individual children because each child is unique as practitioners should take into consideration all diverse learning needs, for example there are many activities that could be changed to suit individual children. The practitioners’ role would therefore be to plan and resource an environment that is challenging and helps children learn in many different areas of their learning. The role of the practitioner in supporting the learning needs of children is they have to complete regular assessments on their development and learning to identify their progress and plan their next steps to help the children achieve further. The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), (2012) states that the role of the practitioner is crucial in observing and reflecting on children’s spontaneous play, building on this by planning and providing a challenging environment which supports specific areas of children’s learning and extends and develops children’s language and communication in their play.
Within pracitce Effective practitioners have a duty to value each child's indivudial needs and likes.children have to experience something before they get a true understanding of what it is like. Example. For the setting to be effective, practitioners must challenge and support children's philosophies of their doings, practitioners muct get involved in the childs thinking process. The practitioner can then be attentive of what the child shows an interest in andhave knowledge of whast the child understands. This can support the children's thinking and extend their learning.
How do these theories of development influence current practice? Piaget - Adults should provide a play based curriculum and a stimulating environment through which children can construct their own knowledge and understanding. The adult should not intervene unnecessarily in children’s play as play should be child-led. * This theory influences current practice because we provide a play based curriculum which is the Early Years Foundation Stage. This covers: communication & language, physical development, and personal, social and environmental development.
Writing a Behaviour Plan Behaviour Plans ensure consistency when managing a child/young person’s behaviour and helps us to look at things we can change to support the child/young person, rather than trying to change them. Environment The environment we provide has a direct impact on a young person’s behaviour. We need to consider what we can do or change in the environment to support the child. For example, looking at how playworkers are deployed at possible trigger times, use of visual support, organisation of routines and or resources. Supporting the development of new play skills After identifying what the child is trying to communicate through their behaviour we can identify what new skills the child needs to learn.
Page 1 2.3 explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development and influence current practice Susan Isaacs Children should be free to express their emotions hiding emotions is damaging to the child .She believed that the importance of play especially with others .Play gives confidence in themselves no less than friends and not only helps the child to feel less suspicious and aggressive to others .But by giving delight of action and sharing helping them discover the way in which they can carry out their own practical and imaginative pursuits .Which will lay down the foundations for a co operative and social life in later years .Make believe play helps intellectual problem solving .Children can use play to escape into real experiences or out of it. In doing so they learn about reflecting on life getting a sense of control over their lives and developing self esteem and freedom of expression in actions and development. This is done in own setting with role play , home corner and asking the
Most people feel the need to express or needs and feelings. We also need to be there to help young children do the same, we can do this by listening and taking interest in their thoughts and emotions. It is essential for children to do this because without making their needs and feelings known to others they can become very frustrated and isolated which can lead to social difficulties later in life. Communication is also for sharing ideas and thoughts. This is important in children to build their creativity and language skills by learning how to get their ideas across to others.