Holism Essay

2532 WordsDec 17, 201211 Pages
| Introduction This assignment will try to attempt and review the patient centred services within an emergency department at a local hospital, keeping in line with the NMC (Nursing Midwifery Council (2008)) code of conduct no names shall be mentioned and the hospital shall remain anonymous. Using references from literature, experience, knowledge and a brief patient model case, the student will explain the experiences of the patient. The student will also explain and define the concept of Holistic care, along with explanations and the importance of teamwork, collaboration, communication and the importance of understanding how the MDT (multidisciplinary team) works. At the end the student will reflect on what has been said and review good and bad practises. Definition Holism derives from the Greek word ‘holos’, meaning all, entire or whole, is the idea that natural systems (physical, biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic etc.) and their properties, should be viewed as wholes, not as a collection of parts, Barry Oshry (2008), The term holism was coined in 1926 by Jan Smuts, a South African statesman, in his book, Holism and Evolution. Smuts defined holism as "The tendency in nature to form wholes that are greater than the sum of the parts through creative evolution." while the patient is in hospital they should be seen as individuals and given the rights to privacy, dignity and respect, Anderson (1998) viewed a holistic approach to person-centred care as one in which a person's values, beliefs and life story are considered paramount. Notwithstanding all attributes mentioned, a patient's past and present lifestyles are necessary in deductions made about their care (Baker 2001). In the same way as children should be seen as individuals taking into account the NMC (2008) “Nurses working with children and young people have an absolute duty to
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