The men of this age such as Rousseau and later on Karl Marx have challenged the out dated philosophies and with great influence introduce new political theories. A.1). In the book On The Social Contract written by Jean- Jacques –Rousseau, in 1762; Rousseau’s’ main theme that he address is the topic that total freedom is obtainable when man enters into its natural state of nature. Rousseau states that “man is born free, but he is everywhere in chains” (Rousseau and Cole 1), he asserts that the freedom with which we are born is constantly repressed by modern states, in order for a society to attain full civil rights it must collaborate altogether along with the government. As for The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx in collaboration with Friedrich Engels, in 1848; Marx’s main topic is that he attempts to illustrate the goals of communism and the theory of class relations that underline this movement, that are driven by economic systems.
How serious was the Radical challenge to Lord Liverpool’s Government in the period from 1812 to 1822? Radicals were groups of people throughout Britain campaigning for change; some historians believed they wanted a revolution while others believed they simply wanted a reform. These radicals had caused serious problems for a previous British Prime minister, Pitt, and these problems continued throughout Liverpool’s premiership. This radical threat has been debated between the historians over the years on the seriousness of the events that followed because of the radical threat. During the period 1812- 1822 many radical threats occurred and historians have been split on the level of seriousness they posed.
Everyone can agree that men are not perfect. They form governments to protect themselves from one another. These governments can take many forms, ranging from a monarchy to a pure democracy. If we make the assumption that all men are created “equal”, then a democracy is the logical alternative since a monarch could not be an equal. But, pure democracy, where everyone weighs in on every issue, becomes impractical as societies become larger, more complex, and replete with issues.
Be it resolved that John Locke’s Theory is stronger and better than that of Thomas Hobbes, on the basis of man’s ‘state of nature’; social contract and ‘the right of rebellion’. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were opposing philosophers from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries during the time of enlightenment. Their viewpoints are important in explaining differences in the mind and the way people infer human behaviour in a natural state. Locke believed that all men are born with freedom, equality, and independence. All men have the right to be free and by forming a social contract, a nation can be brought together.
Throughout history, mankind has waged war against each other various reasons. These reasons are often times proven to be trivial and superfluous thus making wars preventable. The American civil war was a war that was inevitable because of key events leading up to the war divided the country to the point where it made war unpreventable. The first issue that made the civil war unavoidable was the Declaration of Independence (cite). The writer of the Declaration was Thomas Jefferson who wrote it based off the ideals of the enlightenment period.
Task: “Luther was both a revolutionary and a conservative.” Evaluate this statement with the respect to Luther’s responses to the political and social questions of his day. During the 16th century, the Catholic Church was seen as corrupt because of certain practices such as indulgences. This corruption, lead many people to stand up against the Church, and this began The Protestant Reformation. One of the most influential people of this time was Martin Luther. Martin Luther’s responses to political and social questions during this time were often either revolutionary or conservative.
The Thirty Years War was fought mainly upon the precepts of religious tensions and disagreements. There were however, significant political changes throughout Europe that were initiated by the war. For the most part, however, these changes were not seen until the conclusion of the Thirty Years War in 1648. There were other consequence seen throughout Europe such as a weakened economy, population decline, and property damage. The major players in the Thirty Years War were the geographic areas of present day Germany, Spain, France, Sweden, and Denmark.
Making a “Social Contract” where it stated that God’s authority was actually given to the people and not the king himself. This became to be known as “Leviathan” which was a mortal god with absolute power. This gave the people the idea that they had the choice over who will govern them. Another idea that Hobbes’ had was that it was necessary to have monarch rule because human nature of every man was to be in war with one another. For a better survival it was better to enter into the contract with government or Leviathan.
The men of these terror movements are stalwart in their beliefs. They do not give up sensitive information that would hinder their cause willingly. They are willing to die in the name of Allah and his prophet Muhammad at whatever cost. Thousands of these individuals would not hesitate to torture, mutilate, and behead innocents. As a government that provides the natural freedoms of man to its citizens, it should do all it can to protect its citizens who are threatened.
It is through various grand, significant events and valuable changes made to which the Middle ages began and ended. Historians say that the Middle ages were a period of despair, intellectual advancement, and undividing faith towards the church and god. Focusing primarily through the 12th and 15th centuries, the Crusades and the Peasant Revolt had an immense impact on the waning of the Middle ages. Not only were great wars the reason for its end, but changes made in the 15th century greatly led Europe out of this period. The changes were Europe’s craving hunger for knowledge and the Church’s decline in power.