Hiv Reduction Plan

3514 WordsMay 10, 201415 Pages
Running Head: HIV Infection Reduction Plan for men living in Baltimore City A Program to Reduce HIV Transmission among African American men 18-49 Years Living in Baltimore City: HIV Infection Reduction Plan Abstract The effects of HIV/AIDS have unequally impacted African Americans since it became an epidemic. Data suggests that the HIV health disparities for African Americans have strengthened and become more pervasive over time (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2011). Compared to other races, African Americans account for a higher proportion of HIV cases at all stages —from new infections to deaths (CDC, 2010). HIV infection represented the fourth leading cause of death among African American males in 2006 (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2011). Moreover, from 2005-2008, the new HIV infection rate among African Americans increased by 12% (CDC, 2010). HIV Infection Reduction Plan (HIRP) was designed to decrease high HIV infection rates among African American men between 18-49 years old who are living in Baltimore City. The program is intended to reduce existing health disparities by providing education, blood testing, and teaching prevention methods to high-risk groups. Moreover, HIRP will reinforce existing programs such as the Needle Exchange Program, health fairs, and community health events to reduce the HIV rate in Baltimore City. The program is based on promoting responsible sex behavior, an important component of Healthy People 2020. Introduction Differences among populations in the occurrence of disease, access to health care, and health outcomes lead to health inequalities. Health inequities have been defined as “differences in health that are unnecessary, avoidable, unfair, and unjust” (Braveman & Gruskin, 2003, p.254). Social or demographic factors such as “race, gender, income or geographic region”

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