Hiv And Aids Essay

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HIV and AIDS effects millions of people each year across the United States and some countries more then half the population is affected by HIV and AIDS. Fourteen percent of the population in Nairobi, Kenya is infected with the HIV virus. The rate is even higher in the Kenyan military at 20% (Mulvihill et al., 2006). There is no cure for HIV or AIDS, which is why prevention is so important. A person is said to have AIDS if the person is infected with HIV and has certain signs and symptoms of the disease. In short, HIV is the virus, and AIDS is the disease that it causes. Once you get the virus it slowly begins to attack the immune system, killing off healthy immune system cells. AIDS is the final stage of the HIV infection. HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. A person can have HIV without ever having the AIDS virus. A person is said to be HIV positive if that person is infected with the virus HIV. The person may not be sick at all. Within weeks to months after being infected with HIV, a person may feel flu-like symptoms, such as a fever, swollen lymph nodes, headache, gastrointestinal disorders, skin rashes, loss of appetite, and general fatigue. The virus is passed from person to person by infected blood, semen, or vaginal secretions come in contact with an uninfected person’s broken skin or mucous membranes. An HIV positive woman can transmit the virus to her baby during pregnancy, labor, delivery and through breast feeding. Changes occur in the body and to the immune system when a person with HIV becomes an AIDS patient. The virus that attacks your immune system is retrovirus. The body’s immune system fights infection by producing white blood cells, called T-cell lymphocytes, and proteins called antibodies. This destroys the cells and releases particles of the virus, which then attack other T-cells. As more and more T-cells are

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